Essay on Socrates 's Views On The Nature Of Justice

1920 Words Nov 19th, 2015 null Page
What is Virtue? It seems that we have seen variations of this question searched for down through the centuries. Plato asked about the nature of justice. Everyone from the Neo-Platonists to the Utilitarians debated the concept of goodness. We now have the postmodernists asking what exactly constitutes truth. The “what is F” question seems to be alive and well. Although I do not necessarily agree with his conclusion, I do believe that Socrates thoroughly shuts Meno down. In this paper, I will present how Socrates won the debate and why I do not believe that Meno ever stood a chance of winning. Before I can argue for my position of how Socrates won, I must first show the strategy he won with. My argument is that in each of his dissections of Meno’s attempts to define virtue, Socrates actually only used one argument that was shaped into different configurations to fit the particular argument. What I hope to show is that he used variations of the unity and possession argument to take apart Meno’s definitions of virtue. Firstly, I will deal with the unity assumption. This view, in regard to virtue, goes like this. If virtue can be broken down into different virtues, virtue itself must be used to explain why all the different virtues would be considered virtues. To put this in simpler terms, Socrates shows that even if there are multiple virtues, the multiple virtues must be explained by virtue itself. Secondly, I will handle the possession assumption. In this, the…

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