Social, Linguistic, Social And Psychological, And Different Approaches

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Meanings change in a number of ways, the four most common ones being broadening ( 'words mean what they used to and more ' [1] ), narrowing (when a word loses some of its definitions and the meaning is narrowed), amelioration (when a word takes on positive connotations) and pejoration (when a word takes on negative connotations). There is no one reason for the above changes, but instead several, some of which are outlined below. Any changes of meaning are due to the forces at work; historical, linguistic, social and psychological, and these forces can be linked back to one simple thing; time. As time passes, history moves on, society changes etc, and so the way we see and use words changes as the language progresses.

As Chomsky stated in 1965, 'linguistic theory is concerned primarily with an ideal speaker-listener, in a completely homogenous speech-community who knows it 's language perfectly... ' [2] But what happens if the message becomes somewhat distorted whilst going from the speaker to the listener? Simple; we end up with imperfect transmission. Everyone must start their learning of any language at scratch (as a baby) and expand their vocabulary in order to be able to communicate within their given language. But imagine the infants do not use the same grammar as their parents, or even use a completely different word to describe something; as the older generations die and the younger generations grow older, these 'errors ' as such, will pass on through the…

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