Behaviourist Perspective Essay

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Within psychology there are many different psychological perspectives that can be related to health and social care. As described by Saul McLeod, a psychological perspective is a view “that involves certain assumptions (i.e. beliefs) about human behaviour: the way they function, which aspects of them are worthy of study and what research methods are appropriate for undertaking this study.” (Saul McLeod, 2007). One of these perspectives is referred to as the behaviourist approach.
The behaviourist approach is theory in which suggests that all behaviours are learnt through the environment. Within the behaviourist approach, there are two different types of learning one being called classical conditioning and the other operant conditioning.
The classical conditioning theory of learning suggests that all of individual’s behaviour is learnt through ‘association’. Classical conditioning was discovered by Ivan Pavlov a Russian physiologist, in 1902. He was born on 14th September 1840 and died on 27th February 1936. Pavlov discovered classical conditioning through his work with dogs. He noticed that at the sight of food, the dogs would salivate. After he noticed this, when the food was brought, Pavlov would ring a bell at the same time, the dogs would salivate. After a while, the dogs would start to
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Skinner was born on 20th March 1904 and died on 18th August 1990. He was, and remains, one of America’s most influential behavioural scientists. Skinner’s work and ideas what based on his experiments with the ‘Skinner Box’, but instead of using cats like Thorndike, Skinner used rats and pigeons which were rewarded with food pellets. To receive the food pellets they had to touch a small lever. From the results of Skinners experiment, he believed that after a person performs a behaviour there can be one of four different types of possible

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