Social Diversity In Scotland

1024 Words 4 Pages
Scotland – as all societies in the modern world – is a multi-ethnic society. Scotland’s Census (2011) showed that 96 per cent of the population in Scotland was represented by people whose ethnicity was reported as “White” (“White Scottish”, “White British”, “Irish”, “Polish” and “Other Whites”) and the remaining 4 per cent was represented by individuals from ethnic minority groups (“Asians”, “Africans”, “Caribbean”, “Mixed/multiple ethnicity” and “Other ethnicities”) , that is “groups that are singled out and treated unequally on the basis of their cultural or physical differences…” (Marger, 2008, p.291). Pilkington (2003) argued that as a result of Post War immigration (phenomenon that introduced multi-ethnicity into societies), immigrants, …show more content…
As Ahmed and Craig (1993 and 1999, respectively) have argued, the state’s response to the needs of these groups is ambivalent: on one hand, the state has slightly improved the social integration of ethnic minorities through legislations that outlaw discrimination such as the 1965 and 1976 Race Relation Act and Race Relation (Amendment Act) 2000 but on the other hand, the state continues to exercise institutional racism, i.e. form of racism that has to do with the unintentional implementation of policies that put these minorities in an unfavourable position because of their cultural and ethnic differences (Sweeney et al., 2003) like restrictions on immigration that limit the access to state …show more content…
In an interview, she said her cabinet was:
A clear demonstration that this government will work hard in all areas to promote women, to create gender equality and it sends out a strong message that the business of redressing the gender balance in public life starts right here in government [Sturgeon, cited in Arnett, 2014]
On the basis of the Prime Minister’s statement, it is understandable that gender inequality has always been an issue in Scotland, just as in the rest of the United Kingdom. It is well-known that divisions among the genders are mostly evident in the area of employment: many researches showed that for years, women have been less likely than men to participate in labour market. Nowadays, in Scotland, the situation in terms of labour market participation has improved: figures reported in the Scottish Parliament Commonwealth Briefing (2014) showed that the number of women into employment has increased (from 39.3 per cent to 45.8 per cent) between 1970s and 2013, although employment in question is not full-time and there are still more men than women into

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