Slavery During The 19th Century Essay

1453 Words May 12th, 2016 null Page
Slavery Institution in the 19th century
Slavery existed in both the North and South of America during the 18th century. As the North became increasingly industrialized and urbanized, there was less demand for slaves. Different from the North, the South vastly depended on slaves to work on the cotton plantations. The industrialization of the North and the rapid growth of cotton industry in the South divided the nation during the 19th century. It was a regional issue that both sides increasingly disagreed on the issue of abolishing slavery in the United States. Some Northerners viewed slavery as a moral issue, which it was seen as a sin to enslave people. Whereas, many Southerners defended slavery and argued that it was an economic issue, which slaves were their valuable properties in developing their plantations. To increase their profits and wealth, Southerners needed large amounts of cheap slave laborers to harvest their commercial crops, especially cotton, the most profitable commodity during the 19th century. It “made up more than 60 percent of the United States’ total exports in 1860” (“American Yawp: The Cotton Revolution”). Although slavery played a crucial role in the Cotton Kingdom’s development in the South, it also had negatively affected the lives of slaves, explicitly concerning about their families and human rights.
Slavery was the foundation of the Southern economy during the 18th and 19th centuries. The invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1794 made…

Related Documents