Six Basic Principles Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Why Cognitive Behavioral Therapy? Growing up, I had always wanted to be a doctor. I worked hard in school, networked, and planned out my entire life by eighth grade what I wanted to do. Eventually in high school, I became anxious and depressed. My life plan of becoming a doctor destroyed the schema I had for my world. I attended counseling with a cognitive behaviorist and fell in love with the profession. As my worries became less and I took back the world that was rightfully mine, I also became the person others went to for support. I always had the mind frame of the “doctor mentality” and tried to help solve their problems with logic and efficiency. Entering college and later graduate school, I learned that what I was attempting through …show more content…
These principles are part of the foundation that cognitive behavioral therapy is built on and can help with client treatment in disorders like anxiety, fear, anger, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, conduct disorders, and others (Beck, 2011). The first principle states how thoughts cause us to feel or behave in certain ways, not external things like people, situations, and events. The idea of this principle is that healthier thinking can lead to feeling better and reacting in more appropriate ways.
Understanding this principle is explained through the cognitive triad, how negative views about the world relate to negative views about the future and negative views about the self. These automatic negative thoughts are internal processes that occur in every individual with maladaptive behaviors (Dienes et al., 2011; Beck, 2011). I relate personally to this first principle as a client that experienced the automatic negative thoughts and negative views and as a practitioner of the model seeing clients struggle with their internal battles and irrational ways of handling their problems. I have used Ellis’s ABCDE model frequently with the clients and with my own struggles, especially with issues such as depression, anger, and
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120). Ingram and Snyder acknowledge that “cognitive therapies are not effective for everyone” and for those that do respond in a positive manner, some have “incomplete responses” (2006, pg. 119). They also mention how there is room for improvement in the cognitive behavioral therapy realm and with the help of positive psychology, short and long term outcomes may improve (Ingram & Snyder,

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