Cognitive Therapy Principles

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Why Cognitive Behavioral Therapy? Growing up, I had always wanted to be a doctor. I worked hard in school, networked, and planned out my entire life by eighth grade what I wanted to do. Eventually in high school, I became anxious and depressed. My life plan of becoming a doctor destroyed the schema I had for my world. I attended counseling with a cognitive behaviorist and fell in love with the profession. As my worries became less and I took back the world that was rightfully mine, I also became the person others went to for support. I always had the mind frame of the “doctor mentality” and tried to help solve their problems with logic and efficiency. Entering college and later graduate school, I learned that what I was attempting through …show more content…
These principles are part of the foundation that cognitive behavioral therapy is built on and can help with client treatment in disorders like anxiety, fear, anger, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, conduct disorders, and others (Beck, 2011). The first principle states how thoughts cause us to feel or behave in certain ways, not external things like people, situations, and events. The idea of this principle is that healthier thinking can lead to feeling better and reacting in more appropriate ways.
Understanding this principle is explained through the cognitive triad, how negative views about the world relate to negative views about the future and negative views about the self. These automatic negative thoughts are internal processes that occur in every individual with maladaptive behaviors (Dienes et al., 2011; Beck, 2011). I relate personally to this first principle as a client that experienced the automatic negative thoughts and negative views and as a practitioner of the model seeing clients struggle with their internal battles and irrational ways of handling their problems. I have used Ellis’s ABCDE model frequently with the clients and with my own struggles, especially with issues such as depression, anger, and
…show more content…
The goal of cognitive behavioral therapy is to assist in the process of unlearning unwanted reactions and replace them with learning different ways of responding to people, situations, or events (Beck, 2011). To help accomplish this, the fifth principle is that “homework” is useful in cognitive behavioral therapy (Beck, 2011). These two principles of cognitive behavior therapy go hand in hand. The collaborative approach to counseling is beneficial for the psychoeducation of the client, so the client can begin to learn new skills, understand concepts, and explore their worldviews. Utilizing homework or challenges, helps reinforce what was learned in session and continue to practice adaptive thinking and better responses to current stressors (Beck, 2011; Dienes et al., 2011). The homework may be to fill out a thought log, practice deep breathing, visual imagery, or positive

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