Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalysis Theory

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The Psychoanalysis theory was formed by Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud was born in 1856; he became a physician in Austria. Freud was a medical doctor known as a neurologist, this type of a doctor which deals with disorders for which specialists could not find any bodily cause to this (Ciccareli & White, 2015, p. 10). For that reason, it was rather cogitated that the result must be in the patients mind, and then this is when Sigmund Freud began to examine the matter in depth.
Meyer, Moore and Viljoen (2008) claim that ‘Sigmund Freud’s theory is known to be the personality theory (Psychoanalysis) and is still noticed today as one of the broadest theories of all, about the human functioning’. The psychoanalysis theory
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The cognitive perspective focuses on memory, ability to learn or understand perception, cognition processes, problem solving, language and learning has become a major force in psychology (Ciccareli & White, 2015, p. 14). ‘This perspective has a new field of cognitive neuroscience; this study is about the physical workings of the brain and the nervous system when engaged in memory, thinking and other cognitive processes’ (Ciccareli & White, 2015, p. 14).
‘The cognitive neuroscientists have specific equipment for picturing the formation and activity of the brain; they use the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and the positron emission tomography (PET)’ (Ciccareli & White, 2015, p.
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A qualified psychologist does not have any medical training but they have a doctorate degree. Psychologist go through very difficult and tricky academic training, studying the many different fields in psychology before choosing a particular field one wants to specialize in. Take note that every psychologist is trained to counsel. Psychologists who specialize in the counseling field must be well equipped and licensed to practice in their particular state (Ciccareli & White, 2015, p.

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