Sigmund Freud Case Study Psychoanalysis

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Case study
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Introduction
The aim of this paper is to evaluate and clarify the principles of Sigmund Freud theory and identify the main issues. Psychoanalysis refer to the Freud attempts to evaluate a theory how an individual mind works and also the treatment associated. The term psychoanalysis entails both the Freudian Theory and the therapy that is suitable.
Background
Sigmund Freud is from Moravia and born in 1856. He was raised in Vienna. When young he wanted to be a researcher in science, but was forced into medical career where he specialized in neurological disorders, which are also called nervous system disorders.
Freud’s Structure of Personality
He used icebergs in comparison to human personality.
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This means it aims at pleasing the id in a realistic manner to benefit it in the long-term. The ego mediates between the id and the super-ego or reality. The reality principle helps the ego in regulating a mechanism to enable an individual delay the gratification needs and function well and effectively. The ego part is very organized and has the following functions; executive, perpetual and intellectual-cognitive. The ego has the conscious awareness, but not all the operations of the ego are conscious. Freud used the term ego to mean a set of psychic functions example judgment, control, memory among others. The ego helps to identify and separate what is real by organizing the thoughts and making sense out of them and the environment around. It operates in all the conscious, preconscious and the unconscious of the human mind (Engler, 2009). The ego operates in the secondary process of thinking that is more rational, problem-solving oriented and realistic if it achieves satisfaction without causing any harm. It is the part of the mind that decides which action is appropriate and in the process the id is …show more content…
At this stage, the young individual gets sexual interests towards the opposite sex and gets to fall in love in a mature way.
Psychoanalytic Therapy
The aim of psychoanalytic therapy is to help the patient’s personality. Freud says that neurosis is brought by repression of disturbing emotions that are associated with a person’s early childhood. Psychoanalytic therapy has two stages; first is to release repression and second is to redirect the emotional energy associated with repression to allow a person’s ego gain control of the conflict. Freud developed hypnosis to control the forces of the defense mechanisms and reveal the unconscious material (Carducci, 2009).
Conclusion
Psychoanalytic theory has high impacts on psychological and philosophical conceptions of the human nature. Freud attributed to what people experience with the underlying beliefs, emotions, feeling and impulses. According to Freud, to have a healthy personality there should be a balance between the id, the ego, and the super-ego.

References
Carducci, B. (2009). The psychology of personality: Viewpoints, research, and applications. John Wiley &

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