The aim of this paper is to evaluate and clarify the principles of Sigmund Freud theory and identify the main issues. Psychoanalysis refer to the Freud attempts to evaluate a theory how an individual mind works and also the treatment associated. The term psychoanalysis entails both the Freudian Theory and the therapy that is suitable.
Sigmund Freud is from Moravia and born in 1856. He was raised in Vienna. When young he wanted to be a researcher in science, but was forced into medical career where he specialized in neurological disorders, which are also called nervous system disorders.
Freud’s Structure of Personality
He used icebergs in comparison to human personality. …show more content…
Super-ego mainly aims at perfection. It is the most organized part of the personality structure. It includes a person’s ego ideal, psychic and spiritual goals. It is a conscious part that punishes mistakes with guilt feelings. Super-ego contradicts the id and strives to have a social acceptable behavior whereas the id aims at self-gratification. Basically, superego identifies what is wrong and what is right. Freud’s theory identifies super-ego as a symbolic internalization of the society and cultural rules. Super-ego is always in opposition to the id desires due to its conflicting goals and its aggressiveness in relation to the ego. The super-ego mainly acts in the conscience by maintaining a sense of morality and taboos.
The Development of Personality
Freud believes that during the first five years of an infant progresses in developmental stages that mainly affect the personality. These stages are called the psychosexual stages. The first stage is called is called the oral stage that includes the first year of an individual life. In this stage the infant gets pleasure from breastfeeding and mothers nursing, they put anything they get into their mouth.
The second stage is the second year of a person’s life, and it is called the anal stage. In this stage children, experience control …show more content…
At this stage, the young individual gets sexual interests towards the opposite sex and gets to fall in love in a mature way.
The aim of psychoanalytic therapy is to help the patient’s personality. Freud says that neurosis is brought by repression of disturbing emotions that are associated with a person’s early childhood. Psychoanalytic therapy has two stages; first is to release repression and second is to redirect the emotional energy associated with repression to allow a person’s ego gain control of the conflict. Freud developed hypnosis to control the forces of the defense mechanisms and reveal the unconscious material (Carducci, 2009).
Psychoanalytic theory has high impacts on psychological and philosophical conceptions of the human nature. Freud attributed to what people experience with the underlying beliefs, emotions, feeling and impulses. According to Freud, to have a healthy personality there should be a balance between the id, the ego, and the super-ego.
Carducci, B. (2009). The psychology of personality: Viewpoints, research, and applications. John Wiley &