Sigmund Freud's Personality Analysis

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INTRODUCTION

Sigmund Freud was born in 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia. He was the eldest among three boys and five girls in the family. His father was a wool merchant and considered to very authoritarian. His mother was protective and nurturing. Freud was a good student and his parents tried their best to support his career. This made Freud feel being a favored child. He passed out of the University of Vienna with a medical degree and aimed to becoming a research scientist. In his first major research project, he searched for testes of eel which gives a special significance given his later vide of development as psychosexual development and his belief that most behaviors reflect the unconscious sexual meaning.

Financial pressures forced Freud
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He believed humans are filled with mental or psychic energy. The underlying hypothesis beneath this dynamic approach was Freud’s conviction that psychic events are full determined and governed by laws similar to those in Newtonian physics.

Freud posited that there are two sources of psychic energy. The first is Eros which provides libido associated with life and sex. The second comes from Thanatos and is associated with death and aggression. These appear as impulses and each has an origin, aim, object and intensity. These impulses look for gratification and after that the cycle closes. The kinds of impulses arising in individual are dependent on biological stage of development as well as the psychic make-up till then. If this impulse-gratification cycle does not get fulfilled smoothly then problems
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Adolescence brings about a reawakening of Oedipal or Electra conflicts and a reworking of earlier childhood identifications. The child is now open to learning how to engage in mutually satisfying sexual relationships.
The process of psychic life

Conflict is experienced for two main reasons:
• Internal forces in dynamic opposition
• Relationship with figures of authority and/or rigid super ego engenders perceptions of danger which lead to repression of impulses and frustration.

This conflict leads to Anxiety. Anxiety can be defined as a painful emotional experience which alerts the ego of confusion. It emerges from the emotional repetition of trauma. In the conception of anxiety, we see the reason Freud concentrated on strengthening the EGO through psychoanalysis.
Now let us see the different forms of anxiety:
• Reality anxiety:

 The most basic form, rooted in reality.
 Example: Fear of a dog bite, fear arising from an impending accident (EGO Based Anxiety)
 Most common tension reduction method: Removing oneself from the harmful situation

• Neurotic

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