Sigmund Bandura And Skinner B. F) On The Development Of Personality?

Better Essays
Personality refers to the emotional and physical environment or surrounding that influences the behavior or character of an individual. Through this, the consistent or stable behavior, attitude, interest and capabilities of a person are used to predict their reaction to particular circumstances. Personality development, therefore, is believed to be coined from two significant and contrasting theories, psychodynamic and social learning theories. The psychodynamic theory is among the first influential explanation that combines the genetic and biological forces together with an individual’s social experience in a bid to explain personality acquisition from childhood. It also tries to explain how an individual’s unsatisfactory childhood experience …show more content…
It, however, overrides the biological or genetic contributions towards building and shaping the character and personality of an individual. These approaches are created to guide and direct an individual’s perception of thinking. The key purpose of this essay is to analyze the theoretical views and opinions of theorist Sigmund Freud, Albert Bandura and Skinner B.F. on the development of personality and typical or atypical behavior. To achieve this, the paper will demonstrate how each theorist explains the development of the obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The essay will also focus on how each theorist; design a treatment plan for patients with the obsessive compulsive disorder. This would be able to illustrate the differences and similarities between the three theorists’ view on the development of personality and typical or atypical behavior accurately. I t is, therefore, important to note that the difference and similarities between the views of the three theorists demonstrate their approach to nature and human
…show more content…
F Skinner in his behavior or learning condition theory will explains that an individual’s personality development emerges as a result of their mutual attraction with the environment. According to Skinner, the development of the obsessive-compulsive disorder is brought about by the need for attention and recognition. By this approach, an individual develops and allows bad characters or behavior to serve as an underlining factor in guiding and developing their personality. For example, a child cries to attract attention that they are hungry or sleepy. Further, Skinner notes that obsessive compulsive syndrome develops due to the need to respond to stimuli (Skinner, 1971). Freud would have explained that the development of the OCD is associated with the “anal stage” of development. The stage occurs when a child is two years old; during this time they child is not potty trained. The child is likely to feel ashamed if parents treat him or her harshly when he wants to soil her clothes and consider retaining feces. As a result, the child may choose to sully the clothes as an act of rebellion. The theorist would have also linked the development of anxiety to the sexual hinderance. Skinner would have chosen a reward mechanism as a treatment plan for the obsessive-compulsive disorder. The reason for his choice is that these behaviors are triggered or influenced by an individual’s surroundings of the environment, which is due to lack of free

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Psychotherapy is built upon the foundation of psychological theory that center around personality, learning, motivation, emotion and abnormal behavior. Psychotherapy is applied in order to positively influence the patients mind and behavior (Nevid & Rathus, 2013). Though psychotherapy is used for psychological disorders, it can also be for individuals who are grappling with life; for instance, starting a new career, getting a divorce, or under increased stress. Psychotherapy revolves around problem solving and learning how to adjust to life; this is achieved through talking and face to face interactions with a counselor or psychotherapist (Grohol,…

    • 1170 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Behavior Theory uses a precise scientific method, with emphasis on behavioral analysis and treatment evaluation. The helper uses cause and effect of the target behaviors, and tries to interfere with or rid of these undesirable bonds. New appropriate behaviors are then learned, through reinforcement. The behavior modifications used to promote new and healthy behaviors include imitative learning, cognitive learning, emotional learning, and operant conditioning. The goal of Behavior theory and its therapy is to change a person’s behavior by either increasing or decreasing specific behaviors, using treatment.…

    • 946 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Methodological Issues EBP

    • 996 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Methodological Issues Article Review When it comes to researching what kind of psychological treatments that are effective for psychological disorders, the most important matter was the gap that is there in the middle of details on the effective treatment and the facts that are presented to the consumers in the care plan. This is the basis of the argument about evidence-based practice in clinical psychology. As suggested by Bauer (2007), “the existing gap has informed the tendency towards provision of health care as opposed to the traditional mental health care.” In essence the aim of shifting towards EBP is to expedite cultural change in the health care system so that practitioners make use of current evidence consciously, explicitly, and…

    • 996 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    He argued that neurotic reactions are under the laws of conditioning and learning just as much as other responses to stimuli. According to him this pattern of learning and conditioning allows the creation of treatment methods that are based on this learning theory (Eysenck, 2013). Behavioural therapy is a tool for treating unwanted behaviours such as addictions phobias or anxiety disorders. Many of its branches’ derive from classical conditioning principals which are modified in order to create different forms of therapy. The goal of these therapy types is to treat problematic behaviours in order to live better (Boundless,…

    • 1156 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cognition is our thoughts, so cognitive behavioral therapy combines working with our thought process and changing our behavior at the same time. CBT starts by breaking down your problems into smaller components, often trying to identify certain problematic thoughts or behavior. CBT is a form of psychoanalysis that focuses on the importance of thinking in determining human actions. However, Cognitive behavioral psychotherapists believe that the thinking of an individual influences his or her actions and emotions. Hence, if an individual is experiencing undesirable feelings and behavior, it is a result of his or her thinking.…

    • 1128 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    One of the misbehaviours that causes a parent to spank their children is when the child is acting aggressively (Kennedy, 2014). While every child engages in some type of aggressive behaviour; treating that behaviour with aggression is ineffective. It shows the child that the type of behaviour the parent is using is okay. Spanking was not effective at achieving parents’ desired goal of reducing their child’s aggression; it consistently increased the child’s aggression over time, regardless of how aggressive the child was when the spanking occurred (Altschul & Gershoff, 2015). In Durrant’s research (2012), he discovered a child who is spanked will more likely be aggressive towards family members and/or peers.…

    • 1309 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Neuro-scientific examination studies the biological base of mental illness in addition to other physiological illness and seeks to comprehend the implied relationship between the body and the mind through which science gains a more all-inclusive perspective of causality (Deckers, 2010). Abnormal psychology examines deviant or abnormal behavior as well as in what way does biological psychology explore how evolution and genetics may influence behavior. However, the diversity of psychology also extends beyond the individual subcomponents and psychology’s key concepts. Theories in abnormal psychology tend to focus on the growth of cognitive abilities, ethics, social functioning, individuality, and other areas (Hansell & Damour,…

    • 1058 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The aim of this essay is to translate Freuds key theories of personality and the human development. This essay will show how Freud understands the human drives, how he came about the model of consciousness and also the defences against anxiety, and lastly Freud's theory of psychosexual development, Freud was also known as a psychiatrist who discovered psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud understood the human drive as the life drive (Eros) and the death drive (Thanatos). he (saw) the two drives as impetus, which are forces or an energy source that could cause excitation or tension which could also cause biological and psychological demand on the mind. (Feist, Feist and Roberts p34).…

    • 1873 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Sociopath Research Paper

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The types of therapy are behavioral, cognitive, and psychotherapy. Behavioral therapy is based on the premise that sociopathic behavior was learned from childhood. The goal is to learn the triggers and teach the sociopath coping behaviors and replace unwanted behaviors with positive ones. Cognitive therapy is based on the idea that the way we think governs our behavior. By replacing disordered thoughts and feelings we can change behavior.…

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Within this assignment I will explain the different psychological approaches which influence the behaviour of humans. This is used as treatments within social care practices. However, the psychological problems are both distressing and disruptive for the individual sufferer. So, there is an immediate need to alleviate forms of therapy and/or treatment. Different theorists and therapists work alongside each other to treat psychological problems.…

    • 1570 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays