Sigmund Bandura And Skinner B. F) On The Development Of Personality?

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Personality refers to the emotional and physical environment or surrounding that influences the behavior or character of an individual. Through this, the consistent or stable behavior, attitude, interest and capabilities of a person are used to predict their reaction to particular circumstances. Personality development, therefore, is believed to be coined from two significant and contrasting theories, psychodynamic and social learning theories. The psychodynamic theory is among the first influential explanation that combines the genetic and biological forces together with an individual’s social experience in a bid to explain personality acquisition from childhood. It also tries to explain how an individual’s unsatisfactory childhood experience …show more content…
It, however, overrides the biological or genetic contributions towards building and shaping the character and personality of an individual. These approaches are created to guide and direct an individual’s perception of thinking. The key purpose of this essay is to analyze the theoretical views and opinions of theorist Sigmund Freud, Albert Bandura and Skinner B.F. on the development of personality and typical or atypical behavior. To achieve this, the paper will demonstrate how each theorist explains the development of the obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The essay will also focus on how each theorist; design a treatment plan for patients with the obsessive compulsive disorder. This would be able to illustrate the differences and similarities between the three theorists’ view on the development of personality and typical or atypical behavior accurately. I t is, therefore, important to note that the difference and similarities between the views of the three theorists demonstrate their approach to nature and human
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F Skinner in his behavior or learning condition theory will explains that an individual’s personality development emerges as a result of their mutual attraction with the environment. According to Skinner, the development of the obsessive-compulsive disorder is brought about by the need for attention and recognition. By this approach, an individual develops and allows bad characters or behavior to serve as an underlining factor in guiding and developing their personality. For example, a child cries to attract attention that they are hungry or sleepy. Further, Skinner notes that obsessive compulsive syndrome develops due to the need to respond to stimuli (Skinner, 1971). Freud would have explained that the development of the OCD is associated with the “anal stage” of development. The stage occurs when a child is two years old; during this time they child is not potty trained. The child is likely to feel ashamed if parents treat him or her harshly when he wants to soil her clothes and consider retaining feces. As a result, the child may choose to sully the clothes as an act of rebellion. The theorist would have also linked the development of anxiety to the sexual hinderance. Skinner would have chosen a reward mechanism as a treatment plan for the obsessive-compulsive disorder. The reason for his choice is that these behaviors are triggered or influenced by an individual’s surroundings of the environment, which is due to lack of free

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