Freud's Personality Theory

Superior Essays
How humans respond, how humans behave, how humans are interesting to others and how humans are different to others are all influenced by a person’s personality. Personality is the tendencies within a person that influences how they respond to their environment. There are different approaches to personality. One being the nomothetic approach which focuses on identifying the general laws that are put in place for all. The other being idiographic approach that focuses on identifying unique correlations of characteristics and life experiences to explain personality.Many psychologist use behavior to help determine and study personality. There are four main personality theories; psychodynamic,social cognitive, humanistic and trait model. Psychodynamic …show more content…
Many critics have said many of the features of the theory are unfalsifiable. Though the predictions that could be falsified have been, mostly because there is little scientific support. Some examples of this is the fact that there is little evidence for many of the defense mechanisms or that people are able to remember negative experiences the same as positive life experiences. Many critics question the part of his theory dealing with the unconscious as there is no clear evidence or location of the unconscious. Freud also was criticised for his very limited variety in that he did not use subjects of different cultural background and in different areas. Many critics also found Freud’s assumption of a shared environmental influence, with studies such as the behaviora-genetic studies which have proven …show more content…
He agrees with behaviorist that classical and operant conditioning play a role in our personality, but also that thinking was a cause of personality. Social learning theorist believe in reciprocal determinism, in which it is a form of causation where personality and cognitive factors, behavior, and environmental factors work off each other. They believe that most of our learning comes from watching others. Parents and teachers play a significant role in this which influences our personalities as we acquire both good and bad habits by observing and copying them. Social Learning theorist believe the locus of control, the extent in which people believe reinforcers and punishers are in or out of our control , is every important to the shaping of our personality. They believe that people with internal locus of control believe life events are caused by their own efforts and personal characteristics. Those with an external locus of control life events are decided by fate and

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Based on the text, Kelly’s personal construct theory is a unique and hypothetical contribution to psychology. As previously stated in this paper, Kelly’s influences on today’s theorists have changed the way individual’s view human personality. Kelly main focus was to examine human personality and explain the concept of one’s behavior and personal experiences. Again, human personality is based on personal experiences such as, thinking, remembering and problem solving. Kelly (1955) believes that every individual personality is made up of various mental constructs for which they view the world.…

    • 1366 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Despite this fact, psychologists often attempt to categorise human behaviour. Many theories on how people solve problems have been propounded. One of the most widely used model on problem solving styles is based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types. Jungian theory on personality types proposes four dimensions; ‘sensation-intuition’,’ thinking-feeling ’, ‘judging-perceiving, and extraversion-introversion that produce a matrix of 16 different personality types. The model of problem solving style derived from the Jungian theory uses four basic styles that are considered as information processing and decision-making properties.…

    • 1096 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    He does not believe the idea is "empirically well grounded" and Freud was too biased into forming his evidence(Dentzer, 1999). Crews believe Freud theory was disconfirmed, as during the Freud 's therapy sessions "if a patient denied that something had happened in his life, Freud would say well, he’s resisting it, therefore it did happen, therefore this is a reason why he’s ill"(Dentzer, 1999). Moreover, many individuals believed psychoanalysis needed more evidence from other individuals than Freud, as well as Freud 's act of committing fraudulent sessions by handling the outcome of the patient towards his desired…

    • 1351 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Therefore, for those who are hesitant about communicating with others, they may not gain anything from this approach. Its simplicity can also be to the detriment of the group if leaders get stuck in following the suggested steps and leave little room for flexibility. Another limitation is its inability to see people as mentally ill. Some people have serious mental issues that need more than a change in thinking, if that is something that they are mentally not able to do due to their illness. Like some other theories, it also lacks research that proves its effectiveness (Gladding,…

    • 1151 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Examples of those psychologist are Jean Piaget, Havighurst, Kohlberg and Norman J Bull. Both Kohlberg and Jean Piaget theory is based on moral reasoning. Piaget advocates that knowledge is built and rebuilt when a person interact with their surroundings(environment). Piaget deprived this theory from children’s interactions in game playing. He discovered that moral development is a process which can be broken into two stages known as Heteronomous morality and autonomy morality.…

    • 1461 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Behavioral and humanistic approaches both have ways of helping us to understand and treat abnormal behaviors. Behaviorism and humanistic are similar because both concepts are about understanding why we as humans do the things that we do and what causes us to do the things that we do. Mentality comes into play when both approaches are studied. Behaviorism and humanistic differ more than that they are similar though. Behaviorism Behaviorism is based on the assumptions that behavior is learned and that behavior can be changed.…

    • 719 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    BESC1490 Introduction to Psychology Week 8 Personality 1. Personality refers to an individual’s distinctive behaviour, patterns of thought, feelings and motivations that are shown in various situations. There are two theories that have been studied for personality, ‘Structure of personality’ and ‘Individual differences.’ The ‘structure of personality’ is the organisation of enduring patterns and personality processes, whereas ‘individual differences’ is the way of people vary in personality traits. The study of twins demonstrates how genetics can be involved in personality and also how personality can be inherited. Different cultures have a distinct way of understanding personality.…

    • 758 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Cognitive Psychology is the process in which we interpret and process information through stimulus (input) and response (output). Using factors such as, perception, attention, language, memory and thinking are some formidable ways a psychologist uses cognitive theories to help patients. Cognitive theories are used to help people understand and acknowledge their problems, develop resolutions to problems and set specific goals to help achieve long term goals. When these goals are set to allow individuals mentally focus on fixing mental and behavioral…

    • 1378 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The idea of modeling and shaping significantly influences one’s behavior and their behavior pattern. Theories of personality have taken different viewpoints over time as psychologists like Albert Bandura, B. F. Skinner, John Watson, and Ivan Pavlov describe…

    • 1250 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In another word the role of a person in the process of behavioral changes is only to assume a predetermined behavior as he or she is directed by the consequences of his actions. For Freud and Rogers the role of a person is a major factor to one self’s change in the behaviors. The implication of the two theorists in their view about the innate drives to changes in behavior is that anyone who is in the right mind and he or she is conscious about his…

    • 817 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics