Sigmund Freud And Dream Analysis
Sigmund Freud was born in a small town in Austria in 1856. When he was four he moved to Vienna. When Nazi Germany annexed Austria, Freud, being Jewish, moved to England. It was after he lived in England that he went to school for biology and became a physicist by trade. This is when Freud founded a branch of psychology known as psychoanalysis. …show more content…
Using these methods Freud believed you can see what is really going on in the subconscious mind. This is because Freud thought that the human mind repressed memories that it felt it could not handle, and that these memories could be retrieved in dreams.
The idea behind the theory of repression is that a human cannot lose memories. Instead, all memories that were unwanted or deemed unimportant by the subconscious were kept deep within the mind in a place that is not accessible. Only through dreams, could a repressed memory be remembered. This is the basis behind dream analysis. The reason dreams are repressed is explained by Freud’s theories of development and behavior.
The Psychoanalytic theory of development is the idea that the human mind is made up of three parts: the Id, the The Ego, and the Superego. The Id is what everyone is at birth. It is the notion that at birth what everyone wants is their basic and most animalistic needs. The Id demands what it needs and does not care about the needs of anyone or anything else. This is what humans supposedly are for the first few years of …show more content…
The Ego is meant to see reality. It knows that there are consequences for being self-centered and impulsive. It is there to make sure that the Id’s needs are met in a realistic manner. The Ego and the Id share the mind until around the age of five.
The Superego is what some might call the conscious. It dictates a human’s sense of right and wrong. It is meant to set limits for the Ego. It is there so that the Id does not take too much and drive a human to an animalistic state. The whole idea behind the theory is a sense of balance in the mind.
Balance between the Id, Ego, and Superego is important to living a normal life. Imbalance between the Id, Ego, and Superego is the cause of hardships and mental problems in the mind. If the Id were to be too strong the person would be impulsive and only act on their own desires. If the Superego were to be too strong a person would be so inflexible on their morals that they would not be able to enjoy their lives.
The theory of behavior Freud proposed was trying to explain what drives us as humans. The theory basically states that all people are all born animals and that people are always trying to satisfy that animalistic side while still trying to lead a moral life. Thus, meaning that the mind is always in conflict even in people who would be considered