Sickle Cell Disease Is An Inherited Disorder Essay

1755 Words Dec 10th, 2016 8 Pages
According to “Essentials of Pathophysiology” by Carol Porth, “sickle cell disease is an inherited disorder in which abnormal hemoglobin (hemoglobin S [HbS]) leads to chronic hemolytic anemia, pain, and organ failure”. The recessive gene is inherited and appears as the sickle cell trait if heterozygous or sickle cell disease if homozygous with two HbS genes. The amount of hemoglobin that is affected by the gene depends on if they are heterozygous or homozygous, and therefore affects the gravity of the symptoms (Porth, 2014).
“Approximately 8% of African Americans are heterozygous for HbS and 0.1% to 0.2% are homozygous” (Porth, 2014, pg 283), and according to the Central of Disease Control, 1 in 365 Black or African-Americans and 1 in 16,300 Hispanic-Americans are born with sickle cell disease, and 1 in 13 Black or African-American babies is born with the sickle cell trait. Though despite those statistics, the CDC claims that the exact amount of people suffering from sickle cell disease in the United States is unknown (Central of Disease Control and Prevention, 2016).
What sparked my interest about this disease was actually my high school physics teacher. She was anemic and constantly talked about her disease to my class. She was featured in our school newspaper to raise awareness for her disease. I chose to specifically talk about sickle cell disease because it was something that I was familiar with but didn’t know the specifics of it. I thought this would be a good…

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