Sickle Cell Anemi An Recessive Blood Disorder Essays

1646 Words Mar 29th, 2015 7 Pages
Sickle Cell Anemia is an inherited blood disorder that mostly affects people of African ancestry, but it can also occur in other ethnic groups such as Middle East and Mediterranean descent (National Institute of Health). The disease affects the hemoglobin molecule in the red blood cells. Hemoglobin helps with carrying oxygen from the lungs and delivering it to different parts of the body. The mutation of this disease makes the cells become abnormal and irregular shaped. As a result, the abnormal crescent shape can block the blood flow in parts of the body which causes pain and organ damage (National Institute of Health). According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, it is estimated that Sickle Cell Anemia affects 90,000 to 100,000 Americans. The disease occurs about one out of every five hundred African American births and one out of every 36,000 Hispanic American births (Data and Statistics Sickle Cell Anemia). Sickle Cell Anemia disease is not just found in the United States, but is found throughout different parts of the world. The most common area of the world where it is found is in West and Central Africa, where as many as twenty five percent of the people have the sickle cell trait ( Sickle Cell Disease Global). Many people worldwide suffer from the numerous complications that are associated with Sickle Cell Anemia. The life expectancy of a person with this disease is significantly lower than a healthy person. The median age of death is forty two for…

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