Should Teen Courts Achieve Its Intended Goals And Objectives Essay

1472 Words Dec 12th, 2016 6 Pages
Literature Review This section explores scholarly studies of programs similar to Arlington Teen Court. It reviews relevant literature and sheds light on the research question of whether teen courts achieve its intended goals and objectives. Studies are divided into the following three sections: 1). Success in reducing recidivism; 2). Benefits of Teen Court versus the Traditional Juvenile Justice System; and 3).To what extent does teen court positively impact teen defendants.
Success in Reducing Recidivism In past studies, researchers explore whether teen courts actually work to reduce teens from committing crime. Although research has produced mixed results, Teen courts are viewed as a promising alternative to juvenile courts (Butts, 2000). Teen court was designed to serve as the “middle ground;” between harsh punishments in juvenile court versus no punishment. It also offers more lenient sanctions to a wide range of teens (Butts, 2000). In 1991, Hissong published one of only three studies conducted on recidivism following participation in Teen court. He evaluated Arlington Teen Court by comparing defendants who participated in Teen Court with a group of non-teen-court participants, and found that Teen Court participants were less likely to reoffend than their counterparts, 24 percent versus 36 percent (Hissong, 1991).
One possible reason for low recidivism rates following Teen Court is that teens are more responsive to punishments given by their peers rather than…

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