Should Drinking Age Be Lowered To 18 Essay
Underage drinking has been a major problem across the United States. There have been many highway fatalities, homicides, suicides, and many other injuries due to underage drinking. The legal drinking age varies from country to country, but at the present time in the United States it is 21. There have been a lot of discussions whether the United States should lower the drinking age from twenty one to eighteen, and it continues to be a discussion around the country. The legal drinking age should not be lowered to eighteen due to the many risks that it involves, from traffic fatalities, to binge drinking, and possible brain damage.
Underage drinking is a leading contributor to traffic fatalities among …show more content…
Teenagers have not completely developed cognitively, socially, psychologically, and their bodies have not reached maturity yet, to be able to make intelligent decisions about alcohol use. Exposing the brain to alcohol during the teenage years can affect the memory, behavior; impede learning, and decision making.
“Science confirms that the adolescent brain is not fully developed until the early to mid-20s. In fact, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), even a “single, moderate dose of alcohol can disrupt learning more powerfully in people in their early 20s, compared to those in their late 20s. The effects of repeated alcohol consumption during adolescence may also be long-lasting. Youths who begin drinking before the age of are four times more likely to develop alcohol dependence as adults than those who wait until age 21” (Timmerman, 2008, p. A10).
In short, consuming excessive amount of alcohol can result in lifelong health issues and possible brain damage in …show more content…
The current age-21 limit in the United States is higher than in Canada (18 or 19, depending on the province), Mexico (18) and most western European countries (typically 16 or 18). A central argument of the Amethyst Initiative is that the U.S. minimum legal drinking age policy results in more dangerous drinking that would occur if the legal drinking age were lower” (Carpenter, C., & Dobkin, C., 2011, p. 133).
The Amethyst Initiative believes that the minimum drinking age has contributed to the binge drinking in college campuses. They claim that the law of twenty one; it is not working, and should be lower to prevent underground drinking, any further highway deaths, and other injuries among adolescents. They believe that students should be educated about safe drinking instead of focusing on trying to restrict them from drinking.
According to Rob Timmerman (2008), “these arguments ignore research that