Concussions Or Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Superior Essays
Many people overlook the severity of concussions and the potential health effects that it opposes on the brain. Concussions or mild traumatic brain injury is one of the most common neurological disorders as well as the leading cause of long-term disability according to Lisa A. Clarke 2012. A blow to the head causing the brain to move back and forth causes a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury. The brain being the most fragile organ in the body cannot handle this sudden movement and bounces around within the skull. This can cause the brain to swell as well as stretching and tearing of nerve tissue. Also this force alters the balance of ions and chemicals that can cause unconsciousness depending on the severity of the injury.
Recovering
…show more content…
Short-term affects consist of (SIS) or secondary impact syndrome. The short-term consequences of concussion include a wide variety of neurologic and cognitive symptoms that typically persist for hours to days following a concussion. These symptoms are typically self-limited and resolve with rest. The most severe short-term effect of concussion is second impact syndrome (SIS). It occurs when an athlete suffers repeated concussions without adequate time to heal in between concussions. The pro- posed mechanism of SIS is that following the initial concussion, the brain is in a vulnerable state and when concussed again, due to impaired cerebral auto regulation, massive cerebral edema and herniation of the brain through the bottom of the skull occurs causing death. (Bodle, 2014) The medium-term effects of concussion also constitute a variety of neurologic and cognitive deficits. These symptoms of the “post-concussive syndrome” include persistent headache, light-headedness, lethargy, sleep disturbance, photophobia, phonophobia, memory dysfunction, poor attention and concentration as well as anxiety, irritability, and depression. (Bodle, 2014) The long-term effects of repeated concussions include early onset cognitive decline and psychiatric disturbance. These symptoms represent the neurodegenerative process called chronic traumatic encephalopathy. (Bodle,

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    They first become apparent in the failure of attention, concentration, and memory, as well as disorientation and confusion. Occasionally accompanied by dizziness and mild headache. With time, additional symptoms become more noticeable, such as lack of insight, poor judgment, and dementia.This progresses to slowing of muscular movements and impaired speech. Social instability, erratic behavior, memory loss, and initial symptoms of Parkinson disease appear during the second stage. The severity of the disorder appears to be linked with the length of time the individual was engaged in the sport and the number of traumatic injuries.…

    • 842 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It can effect you for a brief time period or the rest of your life. They also can lead to other serious brain diseases. These diseases and injuries are permeant and the is no way to reverse them, but that can be prevented. Concussions are swelling and bruising of the brain that tear blood vessels and injuring nerves. Concussions are caused by hard blows to the head that make the brain hit your skull and cause damage.…

    • 514 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    A tension headache is mostly associated with a neck injury not a head injury. Sometimes people experience behavior or emotional changes after head injuries. Their family member may notice they have become more irritable, suspicious, argumentative or stubborn. Scientist believe that multiple concussions or head blows may start chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). This is a degenerative brain condition.…

    • 1053 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    A concussion is a temporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head. A traumatic injury to a soft tissue, usually the brain, from the results of a violent blow, shaking, or spinning. A brain concussion can cause immediate and temporary impairment of brain functions, such as you thinking, vision, equilibrium, and consciousness. Concussions are a serious injury now a days because of the number of people that are starting to be concussed, either by getting into fights or sport , playing around , daily activities that lead to this injury . We need to take this injury seriously and not think that it will go away overnight .…

    • 1280 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Traumatic Brain Injury

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Traumatic Brain Injury Traumatic brain injury is a closed head injury as a result of external physical forces (Sundman et al., 2014). It can be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way the brain normally functions (Carroll et al., 2004). During an initial TBI, there is brain swelling and disruption of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow. If a person suffers a second TBI before completely healing from the initial injury, known as second impact syndrome, then there is an increasing chance the injury will be fatal (Wetjen et al., 2010). TBI is separated into three categories (severe, moderate, and mild), which are classified using the Glasgow Coma Scale.…

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Some injuries may even cause mental pain. The factor that sets concussions apart from these other injuries, is how all three of these difficulties come together to form the F5 tornado of lasting impacts. The brain will always be needed in order for one to work, play, and continue living life. During a concussion the part of the brain impacted will not function properly. When one loses the mental abilities to comprehend the surrounding world, one also loses the physical abilities to react to the world around you.…

    • 1364 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The memory in the left hemisphere is the verbal memory while the right hemisphere is the non-verbal visual memory. Serve cases of a concussion can lead or bleeding in or around the brain and will prolong symptoms such a confusion and drowsiness. Such bleeding in your brain can be fatal, which is why anyone who experiences a drastic blow to the head needs monitoring in the hours afterward or emergency care if the symptoms worsen (Areas of the Brain Affected by…

    • 1240 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Concussions are extremely harmful to brain health and long-term effects can hold adverse effects on people. While there is an agreed form of treatment for acute symptoms, long-term effects are untreatable. With contact sports being such a huge part of so many lives, modern scientists are working hard to create new tactics to prevent concussions, detect concussions earlier and find new treatment methods in order to help reduce permanent damage and pain. Concussions are a widespread issue and even though most of these brain injuries are mild, they have the possibility to escalate to post-concussion syndrome (PCS).…

    • 963 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Brain Injury

    • 630 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In spite of these layers of protection we still have injuries that hurt us due the pain and disable us to function normally. What is head injury? A brain injury is one of the serious kind injury that dysfunctions our brain. Damage to brain, skull or scalp is considered as a head injury. An injury that results in a superficial damage to the skull or scalp is called as a closed head injury and the injury that involves some kind of penetration and…

    • 630 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    First, the main thing some people do not know about is what is a concussion and how, where, and when concussions can happen. A concussion is a temporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head which swells the brain. All contact sports is where they are mostly commonly seen, although they can also occur in non-contact ones as well. Other sports that they occur in are the ones classified as extreme such as snowboarding and skiing (Masoof, Joy “Extreme Sports”). Football and wrestling have been credited with having the most concussions throughout the sports.…

    • 978 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays