Self Determination Theory And Actualization Of Human Potential

837 Words Nov 4th, 2015 4 Pages
The article “Self-Determination Theory and Actualization of Human Potential” focused on self-determination theory, and the internal processes that lead to self-determination/full functioning. Self-determination theory says that a person’s psychological needs must be fulfilled in order to reach their full functioning. The three needs that are deemed to be “requirements or necessities” (Deci, Ryan, Guay, 2013) are competence, relatedness, and autonomy. If any of these three needs should remain unfulfilled – despite our drive to satisfy needs – we would be unable to maintain intrinsic motivation, fully internalize extrinsic motivation, and integrate the regulation of emotions (Deci, Ryan, Guay, 2013). In short, these three needs must be fulfilled in all people across any demographic in order to attain full functioning and maintain well-being. Should these needs be thwarted, one will try even harder to have their needs satisfied. However, studies have shown that, when needs are thwarted for an extended period of time, one will eventually give up and value the need less. Oftentimes a person will find a replacement, called a “need subsititute” (Deci, Ryan, Guay, 2013) for an unfulfilled need. Though this replacement will not be as good for the person’s psychological health, it will allow them some measure of comfort and a sense of self-worth. In the article “Self-Actualizing: Where Ego Development Finally Feels Good?” self-actualization is based not on needs, but is…

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