Self Determination Theory And Actualization Of Human Potential

808 Words Nov 7th, 2015 4 Pages
According to the article, entitled “Self-determination theory and actualization of human potential” written by Deci and associates, in reference to self-determination idea, success and achievement can be understood of one’s full potential. Success and achievement does not occur spontaneously, therefore, a person needs constant encouragement. The idea of self-determination theory presumes the following viewpoints: individuals are naturally motivated to get things done, individuals who are functioning well and who are conscious of inner and outer events are in control of their actions and emotions. The self-determination idea can be divided in three “autonomous behaviors,” which are as follows: “intrinsically motivated’, extrinsically motivated’ and emotion-motivated behaviors.” Extrinsic motivation include behaviors driven by a desire to earn a reward. For example, children read AR books in elementary school because they want to be selected for the end of year AR party. Intrinsic motivation behaviors involves engaging in activities that are personally rewarding. Participating in soccer games at the YMCA results in activities that are enjoyable, therefore is an example of intrinsic motivation.
The article describes and discusses about three factors - “competence, autonomy and relatedness,” that are considered essential “psychological needs” for all human beings. These factors are vital for sustaining inner and outer motivation, as well as emotional control, performance,…

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