Gray Zone Conflicts: A Case Study

1363 Words 6 Pages
The world security situation is always changing but not always improving. After President Bush announced the end of the Cold War, different security challenges to American national interests became the priorities. This vacuum of power allowed regional powers to expand and threat organizations to grow in capability and boldness. These new threats range from existing state-based threats, failing states with non-state actors, and Gray Zone conflicts. Russian, Chinese, and North Korean aggressions are the leading global state-based threats, with Iraq and Afghanistan as failing state with ISIS and al Qaeda as non-state actors, and Gray Zone conflicts in Kosovo, Georgia, Ukraine, and Syria.
The greatest national security issue facing the United
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States are using less direct military force to increase their power and to prevent escalation or intervention because of agreed alliances or treaties. Russia was involved in Georgia, Crimea, Ukraine, Syria, China continues to expand its area denial campaign in the South China Sea, and North Korea continues its ballistic missile testing. These are examples of where states are expanding their power with limited military support and learning from international responses. Because the United States and international community are not responding with unified actions against these infractions, they continue to occur. The international community must aggressively address expansions in military capabilities or expansion outside defined borders by state-based threats as a deterrent to prevent a potential future regional state-based conflicts or war. Increasing military support to regional allies and partners such as Ukraine, Philippines and South Korea will reduce the current imbalance of military power in the region.
Some areas where the Realism theory does not address are economic power, international relations and global dependence. The Liberalism theory better addresses how to support these growing requirements to help maintain and improve security. States and non-state organizations today are interdependent and rely heavily on economic improvements. The Liberalism theory focuses around international institutions and commercial interest to encourage peace and strengthen security. It uses economic inclusion and political engagement to reduce

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