Industrial Revolution And Sectionalism

1207 Words 5 Pages
The tensions across the nation were on the rise as each geographic section specialized and the fight for states’ rights flourished. The foundations of each section were built upon different ideologies ingrained in the culture and social structure of the region. Problems arose as shifts in politics, culture, and social structure developed during Jackson’s Presidency, and the treatment of the changes led to sectionalism, succession, and eventually civil war with self-interest as the fire starter.
Leading up to the Election of 1828, America faced a turning point politically, as priorities shifted from virtue to self-interest, and national unity to state’s rights. It was a time of distinct political parties as they battled out issues of protective
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Improvements in technology, communication, and transportation caused the North, South, and West to coexist in order to achieve economic success domestically, but the industrial revolution also brought to light sectional differences. Each region specialized in order to create maximum profit, and their cultural structures followed suit to the economic system established. The North was centered on city life. Its culture thrived on being industrial and versatile, creating a stable booming economy. Plantation life was the center of the South. The Southern economy relied heavily on agriculture, specifically cotton. Southerners relied on the institution of slavery to keep the cotton industry growing. If the institution of slavery was jeopardized, the entirety of the Southern culture was too. The distinct cultural differences made it hard for the regions to empathize with one another, also decreasing the chances of compromise, especially in an era focused on …show more content…
Both the North and the South realized the importance of the West. If the West fell to slavery then slave states would be the majority of the nation, and vis versa. Their realization was acted out in violence as people from both sections flooded into Kansas to preserve their lifestyle with popular sovereignty as their motivation. Lincoln’s opinions on the dangers the Kansas-Nebraska could were described as “popular sovereignty opened the territories to bondage. (pg 96).” Again sectionalism increased as the Dred Scott decision was made. The result said congress could not prohibit slave owners from taking property into territories. If sectional lines were not clear before, the legislations passed and repeal within the nation made them crystal clear. Sectionalism acted out by fear, was the cause of succession.
The south saw succession as a defensive move to protect their economic structures, their plantation lifestyle, and white supremacy. Not discounting the violence within the institution of slavery, but the South saw slavery as a means for survival, not a moral injustice. They saw every attack at the institution in turn could lead to the crash of their economy, loss of land, and the inability to provide for families. Lincoln stated, slavery shouldn’t spread to new territories. The south saw his response as aggressive and decided to

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