Sddsadsa Essay example

877 Words Apr 26th, 2014 4 Pages
Opium Wars were two trading wars in the mid-19th century in which western nations gained commercial privileges in China.
Internationally, these wars changed China’s position in the world. Before the failure of these wars, China was at the center of the world economy as Europeans and Americans sought Chinese goods. Under the influence of the Confucianism for thousands of years, China viewed itself as “the Center of Civilization” and carried out the Tribute System towards other countries who wanted to trade with it. The results of these two wars were that China was forced to sign a series of unequal treaties, which made China cede territory to the UK, pay a great amount of reparations, and opened 16 treaty ports and so on.
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The group who practiced certain boxing and calisthenic rituals and was in the belief that this made them invulnerable initiated this uprising. It was motivated by proto-nationalist sentiments and opposition to foreign imperialism and Christianity. The uprising finally evolved into international military conflict- Allied Intervation. Eight allied armies used putting down the movement as an excuse, invaded China and then forced China to sign for the “Boxer Protocol.” Since then, China totally became the semi-colonial and semi-feudal country and the Qing Government has become a tool for foreign powers to control China.

The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, political, and patriotic mind emancipation movement growing out of student demonstration in Beijing on May 4th, 1919. It protested the Chinese government’s weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to retain territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao. For China, these demonstrations sparked national protests and marked the upsurge of Chinese nationalism. The movement also spurred the successful reorganization of the Nationalist Party, later ruled by Chiang Kai-shek, and stimulated the birth of the Chinese Communist Party as well. For Japan, the Anti-Japanese demonstration like the boycott of Japanese goods in China, made the conflict between…

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