Scientific Development And Science In The Medieval Period

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Chapter two
2.1 Introduction
This paper seeks to study the scientific developments and learning during the medieval period. It shifts its focus to the different ways in which there was an indication of scientific advancement, how important the scientific developments benefited the middle age society and how it acted as a bridge to the modern science. This paper therefore gives the insight to scientific development in the medieval society through its different faces
2.2 Early Medieval Society – Collapse of Roman Empire
Early Medieval Society ranges from about AD 500 to 1000 when the society started detaching itself from ignorance. Great minds started exploring and searching answers on the nature of the universe. Manuscripts were put to use
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There also begun scientific empiricism with religion. The period was marked with contribution by renowned great thinkers like Thomas Aquinas, William of Ockham and Francis Bacon, and their conception of Scientific Method.
Thomas Aquinas acknowledged Aristotelian empiricism. Robert Grosseteste contributor to scientific methods founded the Oxford Franciscan School and promoted dualistic scientific by Aristotle. He supported experimentation and prediction and believed on universal law for outcome prediction. Grosseteste set out the empirical process and this saw his idea being used by Galileo later in the17th century
2.5 The Late Middle Ages –On-set of Scholasticism and the Scientific Method From 1300 to 1500 the thinkers continued in their work coming up with theories and observations. The famous Ockam’s razor used to find answers to conflicting explanations was proposed by William of Ockham in the 14th century. Jean Buridan developed the idea of impetus after challenging the Aristotelian physics. The idea of impetus later predated Newtonian physics and inertia. Thomas Bradwardine is remembered for investigating physics, his study of kinematics. Oresme proposed heliocentric a compelling theory before Copernicus. This period generally tried to focus on natural courses of things
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This era put a stop to conflict between the church and scientific discoveries. These were thanks to the work of Christian philosophers’ embrace of reasoned arguments. The growth of universities marked a change in society advancing knowledge and marked a transformation in scientific research and developments. These also resulted in integration of societies as they advanced in search of knowledge. Generally great ides underpin today’s modern day scientific

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