Monroe Doctrine

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Throughout the twentieth century, revolutions have been a recurring trend in the development and creation of states within the global south—particularly those who have been dependent on larger states for their economic viability and sustainability. In Asia, revolutions monumentally transformed the lives of nearly a quarter of humanity (when looking in context of liberation struggles) in places like Burma, Laos, Vietnam, and China. Comparatively, in Africa, revolutions spurred a series of national liberation movements that unanimously rejected European colonialism. In all, revolutions serve an important and tangible purpose in millions of people’s lives around the globe regarding the political and social development of the states in which they …show more content…
accomplished it’s aimed goals of greater economic and military dependency in two primary ways. First, the U.S. used the justification of the Monroe Doctrine politically to prevent the interference of other world powers from meddling in the affairs of the states in that region. The Monroe Doctrine served as the “moral principle” by which the U.S. could reasonably violate the territorial sovereignty of Central American states in the name of good, old democracy. Secondly, and more importantly Theodore Roosevelt’s and Woodrow Wilson’s Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine further established U.S. military and economic hegemony within the region, by ensuring that the U.S. became the most important adjudicator in the resolution of conflicts within the region through establishing important investment avenues between the United States and states like Nicaragua. Ultimately, these “modifications” to the Monroe doctrine furthered the economic dependency of central American economies to the U.S. In Nicaragua, for example, bankers from the United States agreed to give the state of Nicaragua one-million-dollar loan in exchange for a whopping forty-nine percent ownership of the country state-owned railroad system. In this example, we can see how central American states, and in this context Nicaragua, during this time were solely dependent upon the support and grace of the United States. In many instances, it can be said that …show more content…
made two distinct mistakes which only furthered revolutionary fervor within the state. First, Anastasio Jr. in 1969 ordered the National Guard to trap and execute a handful of leaders of the FSLN. They were ultimately successful and killed five leaders who were Sandinist revolutionaries. By ordering this brutal execution of the revolutionary groups leaders Anastasio Jr. furthered the justification from those who either hated the regime or saw no benefits from it that the government was ineffective and needed to be replaced. Secondly, while running unopposed in the 1974 election, he jailed various political dissenters, the most notable of which included the owner and editor in chief of a liberal leaning press, Pedro Joaquín Chamorro. After this act, Sandinista revolutionaries then began to retaliate. The most notable of which 1974 included holding a state dinner sponsored by Somoza hostage until all the political prisoners were freed—to which Somoza eventually

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