Salmonella Essay

777 Words Oct 16th, 2012 4 Pages
1. What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease?

Salmonella germs have been causing illnesses for over a hundred years. It was discovered by Dr. Daniel E. Salmon in 1885. Salmonella is a infectious rod shaped, gram negative bacteria that can cause diarrhea illnesses in both humans and animals. Salmonellosis is an infection that is caused by the presence of salmonella bacterium in the small intestine. Salmonella can cause other diseases such as typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever. The salmonella family has over 2,300 serotypes of bacteria, with Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium being the most common strains of the pathogen in the United States. Strains of salmonella that have no
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There were at least 237 hospitalizations and at least one death associated with the outbreak. Texas was hit hard with the epidemic with a total of 508 reported cases and New Mexico with 112 cases. The outbreak even managed to make its way to Canada with a reported five cases, with four people being infected after visiting the United States. This has been the largest outbreak of salmonella in the United States since 1985. After an investigation from the Food and Drug Administration and the Center for Disease Control, they determined that the source of the salmonella came from raw tomatoes and jalapeno peppers..

4. What are the clinical symptoms, duration of the disease, and treatment if any?

The symptoms of salmonella are usually gastrointestinal, and range from vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramps, and bloody diarrhea with mucus. Other less severe symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, and rose spots can occur also. Symptoms in young children and the elderly can be severe due to their weakened immune systems. Symptoms can appear twelve to seventy two hours after ingestion of the bacteria, and symptoms can generally last up to a week. Since salmonella infections cause dehydration, replacing fluids and electrolytes are the main focus of treatment. The severe case require hospitalization and may require fluids being delivered directly into the veins. Since diarrhea is common with salmonella,

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