Music In The Romantic Period

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The Romantic Period or Romanticism was a development in literature, music, and art that originated in Europe around 1800s. It was characterized by works that mirrored individual uniqueness, self-expression and emotions.

In the musical scene, this period was seen in expansive symphonies, passionate songs and superb piano music. Compositions in this time showed intense energy and passion. It also drew inspiration from literature and art.

There are a handful of composers who became known in the Romantic Period, from Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) to Rentaro Taki (1879-1903). Although Gramophone, one of the leading music magazines in the world, has featured top 10 romantic composers who showcased the most innovative melodies, harmonies and
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He composed ballet songs like The Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcraker; Operas such as The Voyevoda and The Maid of Orleans; Symphonies; and piano concertos.

The prolific composer composed his first piano concerto (Piano Concerto No. 1 in B-flat Minor) between November 1874 and February 1875. The first version was criticized by a fellow composer Nikolai Rubinstein, calling it worthless and unplayable. Tchaikovsky then revised it and asked German pianist Hans von Bulow to perform the music. On October 25, 1875, Bulow performed the piano concert in Boston and became a success.

Piano Concerto No. 1 begins with a catchy and memorable melody. It has four emphatic B-flat minor chords that lead into a lyrical theme in D-flat major. The second movement, soft and charming, is in D-flat major marked ‘andantino semplice.’ The third movement or the finale was made energetic and full of fast piano tricks. It is marked a ‘allegro con fuoco.’

In October 1879, Tchaikovsky wrote Piano Concerto No. 2 in G Major while in a vacation in his sister’s place in Kamenka. He finished the composition in May 1880 and Rubinstein then asked him to perform the concerto’s premiere to make up for his previous bad remarks. Unfortunately, Rubinstein died months before the

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