Roman Technology and Engineering Titus Livius was quoted as saying, “Rome has grown since its humble beginnings that it is now overwhelmed by its own greatness.”, and his statement could not be more right (Livius 1823). During its reign, Rome quickly became the most technological and engineering advanced empire of its time. This became undeniably clear to its citizens when these advancements improved their overall health, safety, and living conditions. These achievements not only allowed for Rome to expand its borders exponentially, but also allowed the empire to support a strong community and dominate the seas both through military prowess and through trade. Among many of the Romans engineering and technological feats, the aqueducts
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The Romans had realized their rivers' strategic importance for trade, protection and ultimately their own welfare. Trade was vital to Rome’s growth and development, and these new ships made this possible. The Romans imported a variety of materials such as beef, iron, olive oil, and timber. They also exported wine, pottery, and papyrus among other things (McCormick, 1992). This helped to keep Rome’s economy sufficient. The Romans also developed a strong Navy to protect their trade routes from pirates. The Romans ingenuity and perseverance for a successful empire made them a great seaward force. These technological and engineering achievements made Rome the dominating empire in ancient history. The contributing technology that led to the aqueducts and their understanding of sustainable agriculture made it possible for its population to live long, healthy, comfortable lives. This is still a dominant factor in present day sustainability. The Romans engineering superiority that created their unstoppable sea power also contributed to the success of this great civilization.
The History of Rome by Titus Livius. Translated from the Original with Notes and Illustrations by George Baker, A.M.. First American, from the Last London Edition, in Six Volumes (New York: Peter A. Mesier et al., 1823). Retrieved from: http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=170&Itemid=27