Roman Architecture Research Paper

603 Words 3 Pages
The Roman civilization was an extension of the civilization of the Greeks (400 BC-400 AD). Roman architects therefore respected the legacy of the former Greek architects and followed the guidelines laid down by them. Many of the Roman buildings had an African character. But the Romans were also great inventors. They quickly built new techniques of construction and new materials, combining the existing techniques with the creative designs and taking out a new set of architectural buildings that were in response to the practical needs of the Roman society, such as the basilica, the Arc de Triomphe, the water channels, terraces and residential buildings. These facilities were supported by the authorities that financed, organized and disseminated them all over the Roman world, paying great attention to …show more content…
The baptismal hall was covered with marble and decorated with ritual inscriptions
Religious sacrifices.
The temple of Parthenon consists of four sections, unlike the other Greek temples. It consists of only three sections. The sections of the Temple of the Pantheon are:
- The first section, which is the entrance of pronaos and has a small depth, preceded by a gallery on 6 columns of the periodic style. - The middle and sacred section is called CELLE or NAOS. This section is located just behind the entrance. The third section is called PARTHENON, and from there comes the name of the temple.
- The fourth and final section is called OPISTHODOMOS and represents the back section of the temple which is similar to the front section of PRONAOS.
Both Pantheon and Parthenon were originally designed as temples, and Pantheon borrowed much of its exterior design from traditional Greek temples such as Parthenon. Both use 8 columns to support stutter. Both faced destruction and reconstruction, both of which used medieval

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