Role of Media in Nations Building Essay

3042 Words Jun 27th, 2013 13 Pages
THE MEDIA AND NATION BUILDING
Presentation to “National Dialogue on Media Development”

By Brig Gen Richard Rutatina
(Jtcc, psc, fwc, MB,ChB,(MUK), MA, Intern.Affrs.(U.of Gha.), MSC, Strat.Studies.(Ibadan), MSC, Glob.Secty.(Cranfield)

Defence and security Advisor
TO H.E. THE PRESIDENT

Introduction
Nation building an on-going process for any country, not limited to the developing countries or post-conflict and post-colonial countries. An imperative for all countries that need to survive and gain prominence in the community of nations.  While nation building is guided and directed by the political leadership, various actors contribute significantly to the process of nation building. Media is one of the major actors which
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To play a major role in deception of the enemy. To supplement intelligence collection efforts.

Aim at influencing change, attitudes, principles, decision-making and behaviour. Represents a functional organism that carries out a specific role in a society. Media provides checks and balances in relation to the three branches/arms of the government. Media enable people to understand and appreciate their environment and facilitate relationship between and among individuals and societies. Mass media proven to be veritable instrument of political mobilization. The media creates awareness for both immediate environment and outside world.

Media as an instrument of National power and Foreign Policy
 Information is one of the instruments of National power and Foreign policy.  Others are – Diplomacy, Economy and Military.

 CNN is now regarded as the sixth permanent member of the UN Security Council.  Facebook is third largest ‘nation’ in the world in terms of followers, but with no land to defend and a citizenry not bound by any government.  This shows how powerful the media is and therefore should never abuse its power.

Concept of Nation Building
Nation-building- the process of equipping the nation with institutional foundation necessary to increase their capacity to effectively assert self-governing powers on behalf of their own political, economic, social and cultural objectives. Four core elements of a nation-building;  Genuine self-rule,

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