The Public Sphere Analysis

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Habermas, Jürgen, et al. “The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article (1964).” New German Critique, no. 3, 1974, pp. 49–55. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/487737. The “Encyclopedia Article” by Habermas provides the foundations/ transformation for the public sphere, as a concept, its history, the liberal model, and in the social welfare state mass democracy. The overall thesis for the article by Habermas is to provide a basic, foundational understanding of the public sphere. Habermas outlines his argument by first talking about the public sphere and the “public” as a concept. The bourgeois public sphere is a social, open, inclusive space where private interests to come together to form a “public”. The public sphere expresses “public opinion”, …show more content…
The introduction of public discussion in the press to express public opinion had the ability to transform power and the way power interacts, as power is supervised. The press represents the public. During political revolutions is where the press is most recognizable as a public entity. The press has transformed from literary journalism to commercialized mass media. The conclusion of his argument is that the shape the public is taking today is moving away from the critical functions of the public. The public is supposed to be subject to reason and have the state authority be subject to public opinion. Yet, the public today only makes public issues of private interests to particular individuals or parties due to the commodification of the …show more content…
The basis of this project is rooted in Habermas’ account of the public sphere. Therefore, this article would apply to my project for giving evidence to Habermas’ account public sphere- what it means, its history, its functions, and its transformations. This article is applicable to my project because we must have a starting point and understand where we are coming from to better understanding where we are going in terms of the future of the public sphere. The “Encyclopedia Article” by Habermas will be helpful in establishing the perspectives from which our others authors are working/ referring to.

Habermas, Jürgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1991.

The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere by Habermas provides the foundations/ transformation for the public sphere, as a concept, its history, and its future. The overall thesis for the book by Habermas is to provide a basic, foundational understanding of the public sphere. The main arguments from the book that I would focus on for the purpose of my project is that of defining the public sphere, literacy, family, and the

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