Like the Chinese philosopher, Sun Tzu, once said, "All warfare is based on deception." Deception is the act of causing someone to believe something that is not true. There can be many reasons for deception but usually it is used for personal gain. In William Shakespeare's play, Macbeth, deception is one of the main reasons for all the deaths and tragedies. Lady Macbeth and the three witches use deception to manipulate and give Macbeth false hope and confidence, causing the deaths of Banquo, Duncan, and Macbeth himself.
The witches' prophesies causes Macbeth to kill Banquo. Banquo goes to the witches to hear what his future would look like and they falsely tell him that his descendants would become King. They …show more content…
Macbeth goes to the witches to see if his power would last and he wants to know if anything bad would happen to him. The witches give him three apparitions. The first apparition is a head telling him to watch out for Macduff. The second ods a bloody child saying “ Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn\ The power of man, for none of woman born/ Shall harm Macbeth”(4.1.86-88). This prophecy makes it seem as though Macbeth is unstoppable and that no one will be able to kill him. It seems impossible that someone can not be born of a woman. This gives Macbeth all the confidence in the world and he becomes careless. When he goes up against Macduff he thinks that he could not die but it turns out that Macduff was born of a caesarian section meaning that he was technically not born. Macbeth is furious and says “And be these juggling fiends no more believed,/ That palter with us in a double sense;/ That keep the word of premise to our ear, And break it to our hope…”(5.8.23-26). Macbeth is mad because the witches raised his hopes and then destroyed them. The third and last apparition is of a crowned child holding a tree that said “Be lion-mettled, proud, and take no care/ Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are:/ Macbeth shall never vanquish’d be until/ Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill/ Shall come against him”(4.1.99-103). Macbeth was told not to worry about anyone because the only way he will be defeated is when the forest comes to attack him. This sounds crazy since the forest can not walk. This also gives Macbeth extra confidence in himself and his power. He believes that he is invincible and that no one is a threat to him anymore. However, when Macduff’s army comes to attack Macbeth, they use branches of birnam wood as camouflage making the prophecy come true. Although the witches’ prophecies all come true, the way in which they worded it gives Macbeth