Example Of Hubris In Macbeth

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William Shakespeare is the author of the novel Macbeth. Macbeth focuses heavily on hubris and is influenced by classical Greek and Christian ideas. The novel conveys that hubris often leads to tragedy, but there are chances to prevent or overcome tragedies. Macbeth’s actions to become king and sustain his crown support this. In the beginning of the novel hubris takes over and a tragedy occurs. Macbeth stubbles upon three witches that tell him that he will become Thane of Crowder and king. Shortly after their profacy Mabeth becomes Thane of Crowder, and he begin thinking about murdering King Duncan in order to take the crown. He says, “ My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, shakes so my single state of man that function is smothered …show more content…
If he listens to his own thoughts or Banquo’s advice it is not likely that he would go through with the murder of Duncan. Macbeth shares his fears about murdering Duncan with his wife Lady Macbeth. She says, “ Yet do I fear thy nature is to full of the milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way” (1.5. 4-5). She states that Macbeth is a coward. This brings classical Greek ideas of hubris into the play. His pride and will to prove Lady Macbeth wrong results in the of his cousin, the king. Macbeth’s actions to become king are one of the ways that hubris is conveyed in the novel Macbeth. Hubris strikes again, causing more tragedies to occur. Lady Macbeth comes up with a plan to kill Duncan. Macbeth must kill Ducan, make it appear that two servants murdered him, kill the servants, and pretend to grieve about the death of Duncan. Macbeth kills Duncan, but he feels guilty and is not sure about framing and killing the servants. He says, “I have to spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself and falls on th’other” (1.7.25-28). Macbeth does not think that he can kill again. The only thing that keeps him going is his ambition or desire to become king. He even admits that ambition …show more content…
When Macbeth’s castle is under attack, he says, “ Hang out our banners on the outward walls. The cry is still they come! Our castle’s strength will laugh a siege to scorn. Here let them lie till famine and the ague eat them up. Were they not forced with those that should be ours, We might have met them dareful, beard to beard, and beat them backward home” (5.5. 1-7). Macbeth dismisses the serious of the attack, because the witches told him things to make him feel invinsible. He is not concerned with the well being of his subjects. He only cares about himself, and his pride will not let him surrender. Macbeth underestimates the opposing army, and they siege his castle. This is an example of classical Greek hubris, because loosing his castle is the beginning of the fall of a great man. Macbeth plumets from a position of superiority as king to a positon of humility due to hubris. After killing young Siward he says, “Thou wast born of woman. But swords I smile at, weapons laugh to scorn, brandished by man that’s of a woman born” (5.7. 13-15). At this point Macbeth is still confident and full of pride. The reader can tell that he does not realize what the witches truely did to him. Macbeth is killed by Macduff, who was not born from a woman. This is an example of classical Greek hubris, because Macbeth’s arrogant behavior was punished by terrible vengeance. The audience may pitty

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