Relationship Between National Interests And International Relations

1948 Words Oct 18th, 2016 8 Pages
“Self-determination is not a mere phrase. It is an imperative principle of action, which statesmen will henceforth ignore at their peril,” proclaimed President Woodrow Wilson a month after his famous Fourteen Points speech to the U.S. Congress on January 8, 1918. The idea of self-determination inspired many nations to advocate for their right to self-determination, which was on the foreground of national interests of many nations under the rule of other states. In order to examine the relationship between national interests and international relations, it is important to understand how national interests such as the desire for national autonomy and national security impacted the decisions made at the Paris Peace Conference and changed the dynamics between states and nations during this post-war era. Although British colonies and nations in the Austro-Hungarian Empire all advocated for their right to self-determination, the national interests of the Allied Forces greatly influenced which nations were granted their right to self-determination. Moreover, the League of Nations brought the concept of collective security onto the global stage, while also furthering the national interests held by nations about security of their own land and people.

The idea of self-determination was spread during a time of turmoil in the world and Europe especially. The First World War had just ended and many countries were still shaken from the damage caused by four horrific years of bloodshed…

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