Realism And Impressionism In The Industrial Revolution

1566 Words 6 Pages
The period of time from 1700 to 1900 in European and American societies was a time of revolution. The industrial revolution changed the lives of many, especially social and economic changes. This period of time is also known as the Enlightenment, or the Age of Reason. This is due to the thinkers of the time demanding reform of reason, faith, liberty, and equality. Furthermore, monarchies were overthrown and replaced with new ideas of government during this time period. This new government system was known as democracy. People were fervent during this time period; they were ready for a change. Change would most certainly come in the world of art, going from Realism to Impressionism to Post-Impressionism.
To begin, a Realist would be an artist
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They were determined to reject the forms of art that were traditional and taught in the Academy. Impressionists were more focused on creating the sensations that a scene would give you rather than the scene itself. While their subject matter may have been very similar to Realists, their goal was very different. Traditional forms of art focused on painting on a smooth surface, using varnish to disguise the way the applied the paint to the canvas. Impressionists were more concerned with the textures of the art instead of three-dimensional illusions. The main subject of Impressionist art was the urban middle-class, in which artists would try to capture the essence of a moment in time. A perfect example would be Paris Street: Rainy Day by Gustave Caillebotte (1848-94). Caillebotte captured the essence of this moment exquisitely. The perspective he used makes the viewer feel as if they are walking on the street, taking in all the moment has to offer. Even though this may be a scene from ordinary life, it is more focused on the perspective of the viewer in that …show more content…
This image depicts people engaged in the activities of everyday life. However, Seurat developed a new method of applying color theory called pointillism to this image. Color theory is the understanding of how colors can relate to each other, especially when they are mixed together or in close proximity to each other. Pointillism is a style of painting where short strokes or points of differing colors are used to form new colors. This image contains a revolutionized way of perception as well as application of colors. Seurat relied on two different optical effects. The first is called optical mixture, which is when the eye blends two colors that are placed near each other and creates a new color. The second is called afterimage effect, which is when the eye sees the complementary color of something that the viewer has spent an extended period of time viewing. These effects were used to create distinct figures within a scene. In order to reiterate the difficulty of this process, it took Seurat three years of hard work to create this work. Even further, to ensure the work would retain its optical arrangement, Seurat painted a border using the same pointillist

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