Essay about Rationalism And Empiricism Theories Of Epistemology

1873 Words Oct 12th, 2016 8 Pages
There is a clear distinction between rationalism and empiricism–two theories of epistemology, which focuses on the theory knowledge through a philosophical lens. Rationalism centers around the ability to use knowledge with reasoning and that knowledge comes from innate ideas. Others believe that our senses could actually lead to true knowledge, as opposed to relying on innate ideas and reasoning. Many criticize rationalism and whether innate knowledge exists or is even pertinent. In this paper, I will provide explanations and background on the theory of rationalism, discuss the differing views of rationalism and empiricism from various philosophers, and illustrate their significance. Ultimately, I will defend the notion that rationalism is true and correct by evaluating its ability to draw to sound conclusions and the invalidity of depending solely on the senses as a way to ascertain knowledge. Rationalism is the reasoning behind an idea and the application of logic through innate ideas. In this theory of knowledge, experience is not necessary in order to formulate such ideas or thoughts. This means that it is formed from an a priori experience. Rather, one’s ideas are solely based on innate thoughts and instincts. Rationalism also allows one to obtain and express knowledge without utilizing sensory experiences. One does not need to have senses in order to possess knowledge of something. It is believed that these senses aren’t necessary because sensory perceptions cannot…

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