Quantitative And Qualitative Research Paradigms Essay

1640 Words May 10th, 2015 null Page
Researchers often confront difficulties in selecting adequate research methods among the vast options for their social research. Among the tremendous research methods, quantitative and qualitative research paradigms appear to be the most celebrated methods adopted by majority social researchers. For many decades, social researchers (e.g. David and Sutton, 2004; Johnson and Onwuegbuzie, 2004) argued on the differentiated nature and ideologies of the terms ‘quantitative’ and ‘qualitative’ within social research. Some researchers (e.g. Ayer, 1959; Schrag, 1992; Maxwell and Delaney, 2004) advocated that quantitative research was a ‘positivist philosophy’. They upheld that objective social science observation was desirable when the determined scientific outcomes were valid and reliable (Johnson and Onwuegbuzie, 2004:14). In another word, the quantitative research intends to quantify data in course of collection and analysis, whereas researchers ought to maintain and to segregate psychologically according to objects of study. On the other hand, researchers such as Smith (1984), Guba and Lincoln (1989), Schwandt (2000) and other intend to pursuit qualitative research method; they advocated that objects positivism could be achieved by debating for the dominant position of idealism, constructivism and relativism (Gibert, 2008). Although different researchers put forward dissimilar definitions of qualitative research, yet some of them highlighted the definition as…

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