Abstract Global terrorism would appear to be the curse of our modern society. Turn on any television and world news will be reporting on an act of terror or its consequences. Prime examples of this include the destruction of the World Trade Centre, the bombing of the Underground system in London, the Mumbai nightclub bombings to name but a few of the more prominent events over the last decade. These acts have crystallized the focus of public attention to ensure that the topic of terrorism will remain high on the global political agenda for many years to come. However, terrorism is not a new phenomenon. On a global scale, terrorism has been alive and well for many decades.
What has changed is the emergence of the global financial market
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Early history would appear rife with acts of terror. Religious texts have advocated terrorism and assassination (the Bible Books of Joshua and Numbers). The Roman Empire was fraught with regicide- where the killing of kings, their families and political supporters became an established political path to power and had been since the time of Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44BC). Israeli Zealots, outnumbered by Roman occupation forces, fought with hit and run tactics in public places (100AD). European Christian Crusaders were confronted by the Assassin sect who fought against them (1102AD) using directed suicide tactics-perhaps the earliest fore runners of the modern day suicide bombers? Fast-forward to the Industrial Revolution with the Luddite Movement (1811-1816) opposing the advances of machinery and modern technology by smashing the machines that theses advances represented. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand by at lone Serbian terrorist member (Black Hands 1914) in June 1914 catapulted the world in to the Great War (1914-1918).
Historians would argue that many modern day nations would never have been born if it had not been for these acts. Nations like Algeria, Cyprus, Ireland, Israel, Tunisia-not to mention the Pan Balkan States- in all probability would have never become republics if not for revolutionary terrorism Some would argue that the United States was founded on terrorism in it’s bid to throw off British colonialism.