Reflective Essay: The Three Forms Of Bullying

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While reports of bullying continue to rise, the push to understand the process behind these behaviors continue to be explored. Bullying is a world-wide phenomenon that has been the focus of research for decades and many theories have been put into question to explain why school aged children participate in the cruel act of bullying others. Bullying can best be classified in three forms: bullies, victims, and bully-victims.
In addition, there are many ways one can define the term “bullying”, and all throughout the decades that bullying has been studied, the definition never seems to stay the same. To better define “bullying” Pister (2014) conducted a study with 8 boys and 7 girls from 7th an 8th grade. The purpose of his study was to gather information from students in order to construct a clear definition of bullying.
In Pister’s (2014) study, each participant had an individual interview that lasted between 25 to 45 minutes. During the interview the participants were asked to 1) define bullying; 2) describe what bullying is like in their school; 3) explain why they though others bullied; and 4) discussed how they think the victim feels when bullied. The results indicated
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It has been hypothesized that boys experience reactive aggression when they feel threatened, which leads to hostile attribution bias. Furthermore, Arsenio and Lemerise (2001) found that proactively aggressive (PA) children had greater self-efficacy for enacting aggression, and believed their aggression would produce desired outcomes. Ultimately it is believed that aggressive children are aggressive because they are under the assumption that it will get them what they want. The researchers conclude that PA children are more concerned with their own self-focused satisfaction. This leads to the belief that PA children are incapable of showing empathy, thus can be cruel without caring how their peers may

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