Essay about Psychological Test And Clinical Assessment

793 Words Dec 1st, 2015 4 Pages
Our personality is what distinguishes us from one another, every individual has differences in his or her characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. According to the book, Introduction to Psychology, by Rod Plotnik, “personality refers to a combination of long-lasting and distinctive behaviors, thoughts, motives, and emotions that typify how we react and adapt to other people and situations.”(433) The study of personality focuses on two broad areas: One is understanding an individual’s differences in particular personality characteristics, such as sociability or irritability. An individual 's character is what makes each person so interesting to observe and study because no one is exactly the same. “Figuring someone out involves examining the puzzling, fascinating,and complex components of our innermost selves, our personalities” (433) In making a diagnosis, the first step after gathering information from clinical interviews , psychological test, neurological test and clinical assessment is to compare the individual 's actions and their symptoms to those described in the DSM-IV-TR. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has five major dimensions, called axes, which serve as ground rules for making decisions about symptoms. In Axis I, there are nine major clinical syndromes, disorders usually are diagnosed before adolescence, organic disorders, substance-related disorder, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, mood disorders,…

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