Pros And Cons Of Separation Of Church And State

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In the time of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson the controversy of separation of church and state was at its prime. This matter has long been an issue in our country’s history and the discussion continues today as we still struggle with the decisions of our forefathers. However, Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson played an important role in shaping the outcome of our country’s laws regarding the severance of church and state.

Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson spoke out and taught about their views to others which completely went against the rules of the Puritans. The Puritans were strongly intolerant of other religions, or even members of their religion getting strange ideas, like Hutchinson and Williams. They had a society that the state and the church were one and the same. The bible was the lords revealed word; only through it does he directly communicate to human beings. He does not directly instill himself directly into human beings. They tended to put women in their place, and care nothing for Indians.
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“His position was disturbing to Separatist and non Separatists alike” (NAAL p.174). He rebelled against the divine church order and that is what ultimately got him banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He supported the rights of Indians. They should be compensated for the land that the Christian men stole from them. He was a strong supporter of strict separation between the church and state. He criticized the Massachusetts Bay system for mixing church and state; he argued that the separation would benefit not only the church, but the government as well. He believed the churches should tolerate other Christian denominations; Saying that people should be able to worship God as they choose to or not to do, without the fear of being punished by the civil government. He has “4 extreme positions” that undermined the government of mass bay colony. He first argued that Massachusetts did not have proper title to the land, explaining that King Charles I could not give away something that wasn’t his to begin with. Second non-Christians should not be forced to swear on oath, or to pray. Third ministers of Massachusetts Bay Colony should not only separate from the Church of England, but repent that they had ever served it. Fourth the civil state should not be involved in matters of religion. It should focus on protecting public peace and the protection of its

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