Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

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Principles and Components of Primary Health Care
According to World Health Organization (1978), primary health care is defined as a universally accessible health care that is socially acceptable, affordable and requires individuals to
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Thus empowering people For example nurse visiting rural communities and school promoting people and students on dengue. Cultural sensitivity, cultural safety the cultural rules should be kept in mind while providing health care. For example, some culture do not allow child immunization where as some do not allow blood transfusion. Different cultures have different aspects of health care. So the health care giver should be cultural knowledgeable to make the client feel culturally safe
Furthermore, there are thirteen components of primary health care defined by the declaration of Alma-Ata. The first component is health education for all people. Health education is the first and most essential component of primary health care. Primary health care nurses educate the public on the prevention and control of health problems and encouraging public participation. Health personnel’s carry out health education programs so that people are well informed of the health problems. And if there is a disease outbreak, then people can implement strategies to control the
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A supply of clean, safe drinking water and basic sanitation measures regarding trash, sewage and water cleanliness can significantly improve the health of population, reducing and even eliminating many preventable diseases. Primary health care nurses should educate families not to live in an overcrowded home as it brings in many diseases. Families should be advised to have a well-ventilated house and also to have a proper toilet.
Moving on, the fourth component of primary health care is maternal and child health and family planning services. Ensuring comprehensive and adequate health care to children and to mothers, both expecting and otherwise is very important. By caring for those who are at the greatest risk of health problems, the primary health care helps future generations to have a chance to thrive and to contribute globally. Sometimes, care for these individuals involves counselling on family planning and safe sex. The primary health care nurse also assesses the babies and children and monitors their

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