Fighting poverty is obviously a very important part of the social work profession. The first line of the National Association of Social Workers’ Code of Ethics’ preamble reads “The primary mission of the social work profession is to enhance human well-being…with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in poverty (“Code of Ethics,” 2008). Thus many of a social worker’s effort is directed at fighting poverty. However more effort is needed in fighting poverty in children as it effects health, school achievement, and may cause behavioral problems (Lefmann & Combs-Orme, 2014). These consequences from poverty have the potential to effect a child for a lifetime and place a high burden on society. This is why it is vital for social workers to step in and prevent any further damage from taking place on a micro, mezzo, and macro level.
Child Poverty in the United States
Child poverty in the United States is very prevalent. Approximately 15.7 million children are currently in poverty in the United States (Hernandez, Montana, & Clarke, 2010). Poverty distribution also differs greatly by race. African American and Hispanic children are twice as likely to be in poverty compared to Caucasian children ( Hernandez et al. 2010; Roy & Raver, 2014). Location is also causes a distinction in where poverty is found. Southern states have some of the highest rates of child poverty compared to other parts of the United States…