Posttraumatic Stress Disorder : Symptoms And Diagnosis Essay

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Posttraumatic stress disorder is anxiety disorder that typically is seen when a

person develops certain symptoms and signs because of an “extreme traumatic stressor”

(‘Posttraumatic stress disorder DSM-IV diagnosis and criteria’, n.d.). The extreme

traumatic stressors typically include death of a loved one, accident-related trauma,

bullying or other events that threaten a person’s reputation, and even witnessing a

traumatic event. Posttraumatic stress disorder was not recognized as a mental illness until

the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders because of

the debate whether it is a culturally constructed (Bisson, 2007). In order for the diagnosis

of posttraumatic stress disorder, a person must exhibit the indications of PTSD for at least

a month.

The major signs that must be present for a person to be diagnosed with

posttraumatic stress disorder are a sense of helplessness or extreme and intense fear due

to a particular event. The three broad categories for symptoms of posttraumatic stress

disorder are avoidance, re-experiencing the situations, and hyper arousal (‘Post-

traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)’, 2013).Avoidance symptoms for PTSD typically

include feelings of emotional numbness, depression, anxiety, feelings of guilt, disinterest

in enjoyable activities, and avoiding situations similar to the actual event. Re-

experiencing the traumatic experiences typically occurs through nightmares or even…

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