Essay Postpartum Depression
What is Postpartum Depression
Having a baby should be one of the happiest and most important events in a woman's life. However, although life with a new baby can be both thrilling and rewarding, it can also be a difficult and quite stressful task. Most women make the transition without great difficulty, yet some women experience considerable complexity that may manifest itself as a postpartum psychiatric disorder (O'hara, Hoffman, Philips, & Wright, 1992). Many physical and emotional changes can occur to a woman during the time of her pregnancy as well as following the birth of her child. These particular changes can leave a new mother feeling sad, anxious, afraid and confused. For many women, these feelings; which are …show more content…
Postpartum depression frequently goes unrecognized, in part, because mothers often hide their symptoms from even the most supportive husbands and family members. People around the female can be unfamiliar with the disease and its danger signs and attribute changes in the mother to the physical and emotional effects of having a new infant as stated by Marcotty (2003). Identification of patients suffering from postpartum depression should be a priority for all physicians who treat women. The diagnostic criteria for a major depressive disorder are no different in the postpartum period, with the exception that symptoms must be present for more than 2 weeks postpartum to distinguish them from the "baby blues." Weight and appetite changes in recently delivered women are expected, and sleep deprivation is universal in early motherhood. Therefore, the detection of pathologic changes requires specifically directed questions. As with other common complications of pregnancy, physicians must remember that all women are at risk. Women experiencing a poor marital relationship, a lack of other social supports, and/or childcare stressors are also at increased risk. Postpartum depression is a cross-cultural phenomenon, and likewise has not been associated with socioeconomic class or education level (O'Hara, 1997).
Andrea Yates Andrea Yates, a mother of five young children, separately took each one of