How Did The Civil War Affect The Economy

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The Civil War split America in half. It tore apart families, and pinned Union soldiers against Confederate soldiers for four miserable, bloody years. The first shots were fired at Fort Sumter in 1861, and ended with an undisputed Confederate victory in 1865. All in all about 630,000 people died and there were many thousands wounded. This bloody war was the mainly caused by the argument over slavery. The different aspects of the economies on either side led to different post war economies, which caused different struggles for everyone. There was an unbalance of federal power that created many problems. The Civil War changed the United States economically, socially, technologically, and politically but out of this deadly war arose a mighty country.
The Confederate economy, which was primarily focused on agriculture, crashed throughout the war. With reconstruction now in affect, both northern workers and southern farmers faced many new obstacles and uncertainties about their jobs. The South was so dependent on slaves for their workforce, many were forced to move west. Many of those out of the job were forced to move west in order to find new farmland and continue to make a manageable living. However
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Government enacted reconstruction is one of the biggest government implements of this time. Another political movement was that of the installment of the 13th amendment. This caused a lot of tension by abolishing slavery which was one of the main causes of the war. This was followed by the passing of the 14th and 15th amendments in effort to further reconstruction. These amendments were important for shaping the roles of these new African American citizens. There were still those who fought against these amendments in the south by passing poll taxes and literacy tests to prevent them from exercising their right to vote. This showed that there are still those who would oppose growth amongst the American

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