The Negative Effects Of Industrialization

The effects of industrialization upon the world have been studied and celebrated for centuries. Of course, there were some negative aspects; child labor and pollution were major problems during the Industrial Revolution. Despite this, many positive consequences arose after and during the movement. While some historians may argue that industrialization had primarily negative consequences on society, the movement had many more positive aspects, including new forms of technology, more jobs, and improved methods of transportation. The Industrial Revolution brought multiple waves of technological introductions to the world. These new inventions were practically countless as they improved many aspects of life and also fell into multiple categories. …show more content…
New workplaces and inventions created a surplus of jobs due to the increased need for quick labor. Factories and plants, for example, were introduced to the United States during industrialization. “As the Industrial Revolution spread to the United States, plants such as this textile factory appeared” (Document 3). With the introduction of mass workplaces, workers would be hired for day-shifts and night-shifts, thus doubling the amount of jobs per factory. Businesses needed to mass-produce their products in order to compete with rival companies, which in turn called for an increase in staff numbers. This concept is similarly presented with the introduction of the assembly line by Ford. As displayed in Document 4, the assembly line could produce units much more quickly with only five workers. In order to keep productivity rates at their highest levels possible, companies hired more and more staff members in order to skyrocket their manufacturing. This helped keep competition in check and increased the number of availability for items to the public while still providing jobs for the public. Because of the increased reappearances of factory buildings in towns, the idea of suburban settling was diminished. This caused many people to move into the city. As shown in the image found in Document 6, many people moved to cities in large numbers in order to gain factory jobs. This increase in population not only pressured companies to become more competitive (which increased the job number) but also meant that more buyers were around. An increased number of buyers translates to an increased need for product availability, which then circles back to the need for more laborers. Although the increased number of jobs in urban areas were an important and notable side effect of industrialization, the improved transportation and increase in inventions and

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