Positive Consequences Of Psychology And Behaviorism

1263 Words 6 Pages
Introduction: Skinner (1958) believed behaviourism to be a spontaneous event with the environment, causing organisms to either avoid or approach a familiar situation afterwards in which can prolong the effect on the organism. The environment would produce a reinforcing effect resulting in a conditioned stimulus, whatever the organism felt the first time, they are likely to feel that way again when the stimulus is reappears, Skinner (1958). This type of psychology makes an important observation on other populations around the world as they can differ in ethnicity yet behave in a similar way and allows psychology to become a science (WHO, 2002).
Weiten (2011) reported behaviourism to be based on the observable behaviour as a psychological
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The original behaviour occurred due to a three term contingency known as the ABC model, Antecedent>Behaviour>Consequence (Carlson & Buskist, 1997). At the presence of a stimulus, the response would be a certain behaviour followed by the consequence (Carlson & Buskist, 1997). In the program the participant learnt a new behaviour through two principles—positive reinforcement and negative punishment. Positive reinforcement was the appearance of an appetitive stimulus and negative punishment meant the removal of the appetitive stimulus. For instance, if a child completed their homework receives a treat afterwards, this would be a positive reinforcement, and the child is likely to do their homework more often. Skinner (1953), discussed the relationship between behaviour and its consequences with his own experiments. With a three part contingency; antecedent; behaviour; and its consequence; Skinner proposed that for every physical and psychological action, there is a response and reaction. The consequence in this program will depend on the participant’s behaviour, increasing the targeted behaviour will be beneficial for this programme and will reflect on the barriers that will be …show more content…
This behaviour looked closely at laziness and time management skills. How well the participant was able to carry out simple organisation tasks as well as handling a full on week with study, work and other life commitments. Bed-making can be operationally defined as the physical action of preparing bedding and bed sheets in an arrangement for the participants use to sleep in. Laziness was the selected for the programme as it was a psychological behaviour that the participant needed to decrease in order to organise time and tasks well not only in the short term but in the long term. That was associated with the individual’s environment and mental capabilities which can be applied by other participants. For young children and the elderly, carrying out simple tasks such as making the bed is a lot more difficult (Hughes & Ensor, 2009). Such tasks can be made harder when the individual suffers from a psychological disorder, as the processing time is much different, (Hall & Bytheway, 2002). Not only are they physically not capable to wrap sheets over a mattress, it can affect them emotionally because they need further care, a sense of achievement would not be fulfilled (Pennington,

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