Popes Of The Roman Catholic Church Essay

726 Words Nov 18th, 2015 3 Pages
In the Medieval Ages, in a time when kings and bloodlines were often feuding, most of Europe was bound together by Christianity. This shared religion raised the head of the Church, the bishop of Rome, also called the pope, to a position of great power. Throughout the Middle Age, these popes used their power to wield heavy influence over the running of Europe, whether for better or for worse. Four of the most influential Medieval popes of the Roman Catholic Church were Gregory I, Urban II, Innocent III, and Boniface VIII. Pope Gregory I, or Gregory the Great, wrote several theological studies which strongly influenced the spiritual teaching of the Church. Through his writings and decrees, Gregory I confirmed his predecessor 's, Leo I 's, assertion of the primacy of Rome. Establishing this doctrine of Roman Catholicism, Gregory I declared that the pope was the true head of the church. This belief laid the foundation for much of the papal power and interactions in Europe. Gregory I also confirmed the doctrine of Purgatory, the place of punishment between Heaven and Hell. He helped to spread Christendom throughout Europe by sending missionaries to the northern reaches of the continent. The writings and declarations of Pope Gregory I established some of the key doctrines which would affect the running of the Roman Catholic Church throughout the Medieval Ages. Heeding Constantinople 's request for help, Pope Urban II called for the First Crusade to be set in motion. When…

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