Essay about Political Ideologies

2388 Words Feb 26th, 2013 10 Pages
Ideology defined by Heywood would be: A set of more or less coherent ideas that provide bases for organized political actions. Its central features are an account of existing power relationships, a model of a desired future, and an outline of how political change can and should be brought about. (2007: 68)
This essays main focus will be discussing the main ideologies and focuses of the two leading political parties of South Africa. The African National Congress or ANC and the Democratic Alliance also known as DA. An important insight into both their ideology will be gained by analysing how both parties political powers are reflected in the economic sector and society and to which extend their ideologies effect both of these
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In Heywood (Heywood, 2007: 46) toleration is defined as: “The willingness of people to allow others to think, speak and act in ways of which they disapprove. This is a guarantee of individual liberty and it allows moral, cultural and political diversity.” This in many ways again is what was stated in the ANCs democratic principles such as:”guarantees human rights for all; freedom of religion and again freedom from racial and or sexual discrimination”.
Another point would be constitutionalism which limits the governments power, enforces a written constitution and the bill of rights which according to Heywood (Heywood, 2007: 47)”defines the relationship between the state and the individual.”
Social Democracy is another big point of reflecting many of the ANCs aims and ideologies. The introduction of a economic democracy and the social security benefits, laws to protected workers, maximum daily/weekly working hours and many other new regulations which come with it where mainly introduced during the past 18 years. By passing the progressive labour legislation the ANC stepped forward to support and raise the work quality for many citizens in many different work sectors. Another big part plays the development towards a welfare state. In welfare state the government uses a certain amount of money which it gained from taxes for example and re invests that money into society to raise the countries standard of living. Examples would be the extension of the

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