Plant Propagation Essay

Good Essays
PLANT PROPAGATION
Plant propagation is the method of producing new plant from a collection of sources like seeds, bulbs, cuttings, layering, other plant parts, etc. Plant propagation is divided into many types:
 Sexual propagation.
 Asexual propagation.
 Seed propagation mat.
 Heated propagator.
Now here, we have to discuss about Asexual Propagation.
ASEXUAL PROPAGATION :
Asexual propagation is a type of plant propagation in which new plant is germinated by artificial means of method without germinating a seed. Horticulturist or gardeners use many type of asexual techniques to propagate the desired plant. These plants are produced by single parent plant. In this type of propagation, plant’s roots, stem, leaves, etc.
The following are the
…show more content…
• Cutting.
• Layering.
• Division.
• Tissue culture.

1. BUDDING AND GRAFTING:

Budding is a process by which two plant parts are joined together. It is an example of asexual propagation. It is an external outgrowth, formed by the cell-division of lateral cells of a particular site. The new bud formed remain attached to the parent plant but it is detached when it get mature. Due to its asexual production it is identical to its parent plant.
Grafting is a process of attaching a tissue of one plant to the tissue of another plant. It is process done by horticulturist, in which they take a bud of one plant and attach it to another plant after scratching or damaging the 2nd plant tissues to attach that bud.

The budding refers to as plant propagation in which buds are grafted in stem of desired plant. This practical method is used as asexual propagation for commercially grown plants for horticultural and agricultural trade.

2. CUTTING:
Cutting is a vegetative plant part of parent plant to forming a whole new plant. It is also called striking. In cutting, piece of stem or root of the parent plant is placed in favorable condition like moist soil, rock wool, potting mix. Cutting produces new stem and roots and becomes a new independent
…show more content…
Hard wood cutting are most commonly taken during the winter months. Generally, used in propagating shrubs and trees.

Following are the types of hard wood cutting:
 Straight
 Mallet
 Heel

SEMI-HARDWOOD CUTTING:
Semi-hardwood cutting are used for evergreen plants, perennials, etc. Semi-hardwood cutting are most commonly taken between late summer and early winter. SOFTWOOD CUTTING:
Softwood cutting is most popular form of propagation. It is used for the propagation of herbs, annual and perennials flowers, vegetables, houseplants, etc. Softwood cuttings are most commonly taken in spring.

LEAF CUTTING:
Leaf cutttings are made from the leaf of some plants that are fleshy or succulent. Espacially for tropic regions.

ROOT CUTTING:
Root cuttings are used for to propagate plants which produce suckers from their roots such as blackberries and etc. Small cutting are simply small divisions.

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Tissue Culture Essay

    • 1322 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Technique Plants tissue culture technique is based on the concept of plant cell totipotency. The highly divided plant cell has the potential to reverse back to stem cell, and in correct environment, it can develop back to be a new plant. The preparation for tissue culture technique was simple in these days. The nutrition, growth factors and the environment vary depend on the plant type and the experiment goal. 1. obtain cell or tissue from the origin plant.…

    • 1322 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) is a group of bacteria that exists naturally in the soil and aid in plant’s growth by influencing different plant mechanisms. They actively colonize plant roots and increase plant growth and yield (Wu et al. 2005). PGPRs are widely studied elements for growth of plants under nutrient-stressed environment. PGPRs are beneficial bacteria and elevate nutrient level of plants.…

    • 1465 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cranberry Essay

    • 1621 Words
    • 7 Pages

    This flow of water can eventually create deposits in a stream or riverbed, which is then used for cultivating cranberries. The plant itself is very slender, with a habit of creeping or running along the soil. The stems are very short and contain leaves that can be acute, ovate or acuminate. This simply means the formation and overall appearance of the leaves can differ between each cranberry plant. Author Lee Cleveland Corbett mentions in his book, Cranberry Culture, “The fruit of the cranberry is borne on short upright shoots of the previous season’s growth.…

    • 1621 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In this way, cytokinin helps increase mitosis in growing regions of the plant. Similarly to Auxin, cytokinins also help with modifying apical dominance, but instead of promoting main stem growth it promotes lateral bud growth. Since cytokinins are such important growth hormones, the also play a part in beginning and continuing seed germination. Cytokinins also delay leaf senescence, the final stage of leaf development. Leaf senescence is when the leaves turn a different color, and transport all of their essential molecules back into the plant in preparation to fall.…

    • 2248 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    How might this influence effort to prevents transgene escape? A: in such species, engineering the transgene into the chloroplast DNA would not prevent its escape in pollen; such as method requires that cholorplast DNA be found only in the egg. And entirely different method of preventing transgene escape would therefore be needed, such as male sterility, apomixes, or self-pollinating closed flowers. Hybridization of different varieties and even species of plants is common in nature and has been used by breeders, ancient and modern, to introduce new genes into crops. After two plants are successfully hybridized, plant breeders select those progeny that have the desired traits.…

    • 1368 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It usually develops rapidly in summer. It can resist to summer drought, although some of the lower leaves may turn yellow and fall away. It can reseed excessively in sunny locations with exposed top soil. BOTANICAL OVERVIW: Horseweed is an annual herb and grows both in summer or winter. Basal rosette of dark green hairy leaves are formed from seedlings.…

    • 997 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cover in wax to prevent desiccation. Example of Side Veneer Graft https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/grafting-and-budding-nursery-crop-plants Budding with Apple Trees T-Budding Step 1: Make a vertical cut on the rootstock through the cambium, into the wood tissue. Be sure that this cut is 5 to 25 cm above the soil level. Step 2: Make a horizontal cut right above the vertical cut made in step 1, forming a “T” shape in the bark. Step 3: Peel the flaps of bark back.…

    • 1256 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Onion Root Tip Cell Essay

    • 816 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The roots continue to increase as the roots search for water and nutrients. Regions of growth are good for studying because given time there are cells at different phases of mitosis. Regions of onion root tip are three cellular regions near the tip of an onion root. In plants, the procedure of developing new cells is restricted to identifiable growth regions call meristems. The regions usually happen at the tips of the stems and roots.…

    • 816 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Life Cycle Of Plants Essay

    • 2107 Words
    • 9 Pages

    A plant life cycle shows how a plant grows and develops over time. In order for plants to grow they need water, the right temperate, and to be in the right location. At the beginning, a plant starts as a seed. The seed will sprout into seedlings, tiny immature plants. The seedling then grows into a mature adult plant that reproduces forming more seeds.…

    • 2107 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    E) produce flowers. Answer: D Topic: Concept 35.3 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 26) A cell that is most likely to retain the ability to divide, perform metabolic functions, and store photosynthate would be a A) parenchyma cell in a leaf. B) vessel element in the vascular system. C) endodermal cell in a root. D) bark cell.…

    • 3736 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Decent Essays